Jailoo tourism is one of the most modern trends in tourism, which emerged in the last decade of the twentieth century in Kyrgyzstan, where one of the local tour operators offered European tourists a new product. The first guests from Switzerland, Germany, Great Britain and Russia decided to live for seven whole days away from civilization on mountain pastures in yurts together with shepherds.
The Turkic word "jailoo" (jailoo - Kyrgyz) and consonant "jailau" (jailau - Kazakh), strange for the European ear, is very significant in the languages of nomadic peoples.
Cattle breeding was the main form of their economy, and there was a name for each seasonal migration. Jailoo meant a summer nomad. In Russian, jailoo translates as summering, staying on summer pastures.
Sometimes jailoo tourism is spoken of as a vacation in a primitive or even primitive life. Obviously, such a view was originally associated with the facts of the life and work of numerous scientists and travelers who studied the life of people at the level of clan and tribal development and leading a primitive lifestyle.
European travelers lived for some time with the tribes of Africa, South America, Australia and Polynesia. Their main goal was to collect facts for their scientific work.
At the end of the twentieth century, most tourists have nothing to do with science, they go to primitive tribes in search of thrills. The desire to take a break from the bustle of the city, from the usual beach holidays and excursions is an important reason to do jailoo tourism.
It is obvious that the indigenous inhabitants of the Kyrgyz and Kazakh pastures have gone far from primitive life, but at the same time retained their traditional way of life, which attracts city dwellers, "exhausted" by civilization. The Kyrgyz invention - jailoo tourism - has become widespread in many countries of the world, where it has its own specifics.
Kazakhstan is located in the very center of Eurasia, south of the Ural Mountains. Here, antiquity and modernity, Eastern traditions and Western modernity are intertwined in an unusual way. Endless southern steppes, mountains and lakes, the Great Silk Road and the Baikonur cosmodrome - all this is Kazakhstan. Today, the country offers tourists several travel options at once: educational excursion routes around the country, ethnic and eco-tours, as well as treatment, hunting, fishing and mountaineering.
The largest of the former Soviet republics, Kazakhstan is also the world's ninth largest country, very rich in natural resources. Since gaining independence, the country has been developing by leaps and bounds. It is enough to look at modern Astana to be convinced of this. At the same time, in remote regions, travelers can discover the untouched nature of Kazakhstan: deserts, ancient cities, beautiful, almost alpine landscapes.
The capital is Astana (since March 2019, the capital has been renamed Nur-Sultan). A popular ski resort is Chimbulak.
The full list of cities in the country is available on the page of cities and resorts of Kazakhstan.
Kazakhstan is located in two time zones with standard time UTC + 5 (for example, Aktau and Uralsk) and UTC + 6 (Alma-Ata, Astana, Pavlodar). There is no daylight saving time transition.
Daily regular flights Moscow - Astana and Moscow - Alma-Ata are operated by Air Astana. The duration of the flight to Astana is 3.5 hours, to Almaty - 4.5 hours. In addition, several times a week from Moscow and other Russian cities there are flights to Chimkent, Karaganda, Atyrau, Kostanay and Aktau. You can read more about the airports of Kazakhstan on our page.
The railway service connects Kazakhstan with many regions of Russia. The road from Moscow to Astana takes 56-60 hours (trains run daily), to Almaty - 78 hours (trains run every other day). There are also trains and trailer cars to Karaganda, Pavlodar and other cities.
Rural tourism has become in the 70s of the last century. He liked it to potential customers the opportunity to be in nature, feel like a rural resident, return to the natural origins. What are the prospects for this direction today?
On the formation of a base for high-quality services for fans of ethno and eco-tourism without harming the nature and spiritual culture of the peoples of Uzbekistan.