Features of shelters in the desert and their types

How to prepare for your upcoming desert trip: simple tips from seasoned travelers

In the deserts, it is very hot during the day and cold at night. And there are various features of building empty shelters and types of shelters. There are temporary shelters in the desert and shelters for a longer period. It is easiest to build a temporary one from a minimum of materials. This desert hideout doesn't require a lot of material. Ideal if you have a tent or sleeping bag, but choosing the right sleeping bag is essential. Shelter types.

Types of Desert Shelters

Shelter of branches and leaves

Features of the construction of a shelter in the desert

There are tons of building tricks and tips. It is better to start building early in the morning, in the evening or at night. It's too hot during the day and you get tired quickly. It is good if there is a water source nearby. You should beware of rockfalls and avoid the foothills and slopes. Rocks accumulate heat and building next to them will only add heat.

It is difficult to find vegetation in the empty ones, especially in the plains. If you come across such, you should not miss it. You can build a mat-rug from it. The sand on the surface gets very hot under the sun, and the sand inside is much colder. You can forge a hole or trench and cover it on top to create shadow.

How to build a temporary shelter

There are several construction issues.

  • Avoid places without vegetation. During a storm, such places are flooded, and a strong wind blows there.
  • Avoid poisonous insects and reptiles. There are many snakes, scorpions, millipedes in the deserts. More often they hide under stones.
  • Avoid slopes and foothills. The risk of flooding and rockfalls is great there.

Tips for surviving the desert.

A trip to the desert is really important, as it requires additional preparation for this trip. This article will tell you about some of the nuances of such a trip. It is these tips that will help you plan your time correctly and get positive emotions.

Be sure to take an arafatka with you

Usually when a person goes to a hot country, the first thing that gets into a suitcase is a cap or a hat. This choice is completely wrong for the desert, and this time the hat will really have to be left at home.

Ideal for the desert is a scarf, bandana or arafat. If the head is overheated, then the handkerchief can be easily wetted, it allows air to pass through well. That is, it will be much more comfortable in such clothes.

Wildlife

If a person is really afraid of wild animals, then, most likely, it is best to refuse the trip. In order to avoid unexpected meetings, it is best to stay away from various puddles and oases.

Sooner or later, animals come there to drink water, so under such circumstances, a meeting cannot be avoided.

Desert Oasis

Some tourists believe that an oasis is a place where you can drink clean water, just like in a fairy tale. However, in reality, things are a little different. It is a small lake with stagnant water mixed with soil and animal waste products.

Drinking from the oasis is only possible in the most extreme case. That is why it is important to take a sufficient amount of water with you so as not to get into an extreme situation.

Hope for Rain

Greetings, dear readers! Today in our article we will recall one of the most terrible tragedies of the 20th century - the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. You will learn the history of the nuclear power plant, the causes and consequences of the explosion. We will also tell you about the current situation in the Chernobyl exclusion zone and how extreme a walk through Chernobyl can be.

The history of the ChNPP

The Soviet Union began to actively develop nuclear power in the early 70s of the last century. Nuclear power plants were built throughout the country. One of the most ambitious projects of that time was the construction of a nuclear power plant 100 kilometers from Kiev near the town of Chernobyl. The station was commissioned in 1977, creating thousands of jobs. People from all over the union came to work there, having founded the city of Pripyat not far from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant.

The city, whose population was growing and reached 48 thousand people by 1985, was considered futuristic and very developed in those days, unlike other cities of the USSR. Pripyat received the award for the best architecture. There were many parks and squares, sports facilities, cultural places where Soviet people could spend their leisure time. The city seemed to have everything for a good life, but this idyll soon ended ...

The explosion and its consequences for humanity

On April 26, 1986, an atomic reactor exploded at the 4th power unit of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. This happened as a result of an experiment to increase the power of the reactor. After the explosion, a fire started. The reactor itself and the power unit building were destroyed. Firefighters arrived at the scene and stopped the further spread of the fire.

The radiation level began to be measured only a few hours after the explosion. Radiation monitoring devices and various dosimeters were off scale or simply out of order. Only then did people realize that something terrible had happened. However, everyone found out about the accident only after long 36 hours! Then the evacuation of people from Pripyat began.

In total, in the following days, people were evacuated within a 30-kilometer radius near Chernobyl. People were told that it was not dangerous and that they would be able to return home after three days. While the foreign media reported about the threat to human life, and showed on TV a map of the spread of radiation fluxes and clouds, and in the Soviet Union there were festivities and demonstrations dedicated to May Day.

Between July and November 1986, a concrete sarcophagus was created. More than 10 thousand people worked on its creation. And the total number of liquidators of the consequences of the accident exceeded half a million people. Most of these people received high doses of radiation, which negatively affected their health.

An area of ​​over 200 thousand sq. km was hit by radiation (Ukraine, Belarus and Russia). About 8 million people in these republics were exposed to radiation. Most of Europe was covered by a radioactive cloud. Precipitation reached the Leningrad Region, Mordovia and Chuvashia. Subsequently, pollution was noted in the northern regions of the USSR, Sweden, Norway, Finland and even Great Britain.

Chernobyl now

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