Desert survival basics

Desert survival basics

Desert Movement

Water is the main factor for survival in the desert. Carry it with you as much as you can, even if you have to leave something else. If you decide to move around:

- move only in the evening, at night or early in the morning; - walk along the coast, to a known route, to a water source or to a village. Sweating can be reduced by wetting your clothes

- take the easiest route possible, avoiding loose sands, difficult terrain, paths along road tracks.

In the sand dunes, walk on the hard sand in the valley between the dunes or along the dune ridges:

- Avoid following streams to reach the sea, except in coastal deserts or areas where large rivers cross them. In most deserts, valleys lead to an enclosed body of water or a temporary lake;

- Dress appropriately to be protected from direct sunlight and excessive perspiration. If you don't have sunglasses, make yourself a pair of slotted glasses. Clothing is essential in the desert to keep warm, as cold nights are very common there;

- watch your feet. Boots are the best footwear for getting around the desert. Cross the dunes barefoot only in cool weather, otherwise the sand will burn your feet. Follow the trail of caravans in order to avoid loose sands or rocky areas;

- check the map if possible. Desert area maps are usually inaccurate;

- Take refuge during sandstorms. Do not try to walk in poor visibility. Mark the direction by tracing deep arrows on the ground, laying them out with stones or whatever is close at hand. Lie on your side with your back to the wind and lie down until the end of the storm. Cover your face with cloth. Don't be afraid to be buried under the sand. Even in dune areas, it takes years for a dead camel to fall asleep.

History of tourism in the southern Urals

25. 0. 012 by Admin in How to survive in the desert//0 Comments

The desert is a kind of landscape with a dry climate and large temperature differences depending on the time of day. If at noon in the desert you can get a sunstroke and die from dehydration under the scorching rays of the sun, then at night the possibility of death from hypothermia is not excluded.

There are several types of deserts. In addition to the usual sandy ones, there are also clayey, stony and some others. There are over fifty deserts in the world, which occupy about a quarter of the entire land mass. Moreover, their number and territory are constantly growing.

The main troubles that can lead to death or significantly undermine a person's health and faith in tomorrow are: - a hard temperature regime, in which the thermometer can go off scale during the day and go below 0 at night, - bright sunlight, which can deprive a person of sight, - a total lack of water, with the exception of rare, sometimes the only oases with springs or lakes for several hundred kilometers, - poisonous insects and reptiles, - weather disasters (for example, sand storms).

Desert Safety Fundamentals

If you have a trip to the desert, or there is a possibility of visiting it, it is best to prepare for this thoroughly and in advance. Remember, the desert does not like condescension and in the full sense of the word is a deadly adversary.

If there is no special clothing, loose-fitting shirts and trousers in light colors will do. It should cover the entire body, including the neck and head. This is important to prevent the penetration of not only incinerating sunlight, but also scalding wind and sand (dust).

No hikes in sandals, and even more so on high heels or barefoot! Desert sand can be hot, very cold, or riddled with snakes and scorpions. Therefore, it is better to wear thick woolen socks and real boots (yes, despite the heat of the day). Next, we wrap the ankles (if they are open) with bandages or cloth to avoid sand getting into the shoes. Before putting on the shoes, we check them for the presence of scorpions inside.

The head is the head of everything (forgive the pun). It removes most of the heat from the body and absorbs most of the heat from outside. In addition, the eyes and nose are important (mouth breathing is generally not recommended). Therefore, start playing ninja - wrap your head with a strip of cloth, for example, a towel (turban), a scarf or a spare shirt.

Be sure to take your glasses with you. They will prevent direct wind blowing sand and shielding from bright rays. Moreover, the glasses must be of high quality, since if they do not transmit visible light, but transmit ultraviolet light, then the eyes will not squint and may get burned. In addition, it is necessary to make an improvised visor from improvised means in the absence of a sombrero.

If you have a choice - take an ingot of gold or an extra liter of water with you, then feel free to throw away the gold. For if you do not have liquid, you will no longer need gold. Calculation of water for the normal supply of the body with fluid is: - 1 liter at 25 ° C, - 3 liters at 30 ° C, - 4.5 liters at 35 ° C.

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