What is happening to the environment in the Lipetsk region

Problems related to the ecology of the Lipetsk region

History and administration

The history of the region dates back to the times before the Mongol-Tatar invasion. The main impetus in development was given by Peter I in 1703, when iron works began to be built here on the Lipovka River.

Of the 83 regions of the ecological rating of the Russian Federation, the Lipetsk region is in 20th place.

The industry of the region is represented by: metallurgy, mechanical engineering, energy, chemistry, etc. It is the second largest producer of rolled ferrous metals among the regions of Russia.

Major sources of air pollution

In excess of the air pollution index, Lipetsk is second only to such industrial giants as Norilsk, Novokuznetsk and Magnitogorsk. It is in the top five in terms of gross emissions. These "achievements" are the environmental problems of Lipetsk.

Thousands of tons of carbon monoxide, hydrocarbons, volatile organic compounds, suspended solids, nitrogen oxide and sulfur dioxide are emitted into the atmosphere of the region's enterprises. The concentration of formaldehyde in the region's atmosphere exceeds the permissible norm by more than 2 times.

Enterprises are taking measures to reduce air pollution indicators. They install state-of-the-art dust collection and exhaust gas cleaning systems.

Water resources of the region and their condition

Residents of the city of Lipetsk have no reason to worry about the purity of the water supplied to them through the water supply networks. Because this water is exclusively from underground sources. The only bad thing is that the water is somewhat harsh and it may end someday. There are tendencies for that.

River water is classified as “clean” or “moderately polluted”, depending on the area.

Problems related to the ecology of the Lipetsk region

The Lipetsk region is one of the country's subjects in which there is an excessive burden created by human activities. Lipetsk, which bears the status of a regional center, is represented in a dozen Russian cities where the level of pollutants is several times higher than the permissible level. The atmosphere is saturated with a large number of pollutants, which negatively affects human health. Against this background, the environmental problems of the Lipetsk region acquire special relevance.

Wastewater is discharged into local water bodies, which contain dozens and hundreds of times more pollutants than the established norms. The rivers of this region are characterized by the presence of substances that worsen the composition of their waters, such as ammonium nitrogen, nitrite nitrogen, oil products, etc. Recently, the quality of groundwater is also deteriorating.

Problems

Among all the problems that have a negative impact on the ecological situation in the region, the following deserve special attention:

  • Meeting the water demand of industrial enterprises, agriculture and social sphere;
  • Opening of quarries on the territory of the region;
  • Destruction of forests ;
  • The presence of dry winds;
  • The presence of industrial facilities that negatively affect the ecological situation in the region, etc.

Ecology of Lipetsk region

This subject of the federation has a sufficient number of sources of pollution, among which the Lipetsk industrial hub poses a rather serious threat. First of all, the ecology on the Left Bank remains bad. As a result of its activities, NLMK provides water for approximately 85% of the total number of stationary sources available in Lipetsk. The tractor plant, the Svobodny Sokol enterprise, Centrolit, cement, etc. have a negative impact on the ecological situation. Against the background of other regions of the country, environmental problems of the Lipetsk region cause a higher incidence rate. First of all, many patients are represented here, in whom malignant formations, diseases of the upper respiratory tract, and the endocrine system are found.

Being engaged in production, a person affects the natural environment, as a result of which landscapes and their components change, and because of this, people's health deteriorates, they begin to adhere to a different way of life. It is possible to analyze the consequences of human activity and determine methods that allow the correct use of natural resources in the studied space if you get an idea of ​​the levels of influence of a particular settlement on the environment.

Atmospheric pollution of the Lipetsk region

Statistics show that during 2010, the atmosphere of the Lipetsk region received harmful emissions, which are the result of the activities of industrial plants, about 366,200-378,000 tons. Compared to 2009, there was an increase in the volume of these substances, which is sad. The main sources that worsen the air quality in this region are mostly products of combustion of various types of fuel.

Environmental problems of the Lipetsk region: History and administrative structure of the region. Review of the main sources of air pollution and water resources. Specificity of operation of solid waste landfills. Natural objects of the Lipetsk region, which are under special protection.

Regional environmental supervision

Organizations that are not subject to federal environmental supervision in the Lipetsk region must submit environmental reports, depending on the type of supervision, to the relevant executive authority.

Department of Ecology and Natural Resources of the Lipetsk Region

The Department is the executive authority of the Lipetsk region, exercising state environmental supervision in the region, namely:

  • Supervision over geological exploration, rational use and protection of subsoil;
  • Supervision in the field of waste management;
  • Supervision in the field of atmospheric protection air;
  • Supervision in the field of use and protection of water bodies;
  • Supervision in the field of protection and use of specially protected natural areas.

Department for the protection and use of wildlife and aquatic biological resources of the Lipetsk region

The Department is the executive authority of the Lipetsk region, exercising state environmental supervision in the region, namely:

Forestry Department of Lipetsk Region

The Department is the executive authority of the Lipetsk region, which carries out federal state forest supervision (forest protection) on the territory of the region.

Population and demographic statistics

If we consider the cities of the Chernozem region, then Lipetsk ranks first among them in terms of population growth and second in terms of population. In 2014, statistics were collected, according to which more than 510,000 people lived in the city. Half a century before that, in Lipetsk, the number was 123 thousand.

From 2020 to 2020, the number of the local population decreased by 9 thousand, but this figure is so small that the overall picture of the demographic situation does not change. Most likely, the changes occurred due to the fact that part of the adult population left to work in the capital, others did not want to undergo the census, and others were simply not recorded.

Moscow is close, earnings in the capital are several times higher, so many people go to improve their financial situation or earn an apartment. But, having accumulated the necessary amount, the residents of Lipetsk often do not move to the capital, but return to their hometown: here it is calmer, and life is cheaper, and apartments are more affordable.

The city of Lipetsk is the administrative center of the Lipetsk region. The location of Lipetsk is the border of the Central Russian Upland and the Oksko-Don Plain. The city stretches along both banks of the Voronezh River. The distance to the capital is almost 430 kilometers.

Climatic conditions - moderate continental, similar to the Ryazan climate. Winter is characterized by the presence of a stable snow cover, and the summer period is stably warm.

Over the past half century, the number of urban residents has quadrupled. The population of Lipetsk, according to the latest data, is 510 thousand people.

Environmental situation of the city

A significant part of residential development is located on the right bank of the Voronezh River, while the building of the metallurgical plant is on the gentle left bank. Due to the wind rose with a predominance of northeastern winds, some areas of the city experience discomfort.

According to the official data, over 350 thousand tons of pollutants fall into the atmospheric layers annually. This is more than 700 kilograms per capita. The largest excess is observed for heavy metals, dioxins, benzopyrene and phenol. The main source of pollution is NLMK.

Environmental situation in city districts

Lipetsk includes four territorial districts:

  • Left Bank District,
  • Soviet District,
  • Right Bank District,
  • Oktyabrsky District.

The Left Bank District is expanded:

  • Novolipetskiy ,
  • New life,
  • Kazinkami.

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