In the very heart of Russia, in the very center of cold Siberia, lies the Krasnoyarsk Territory - a wonderful region rich in amazing nature, plants and animals. It is not for nothing that Krasnoyarsk residents who have left to live in other regions recall the beauty of their native places with nostalgia. What is so special about the nature of the Krasnoyarsk Territory?
Krasnoyarsk Territory is one of the largest Russian regions, stretching from north to south for three thousand kilometers - along the Yenisei River, from the Kara Sea to the border with Khakassia and Tuva.
Thanks to this, the Krasnoyarsk Territory is the only one in our country where absolutely all natural zones are present - from the Arctic deserts in the north to the steppes in the south.
Most of this region is taiga, and the northern territories are dominated by permafrost.
The diversity of the nature of the Krasnoyarsk Territory is truly amazing: there are forests with the most valuable tree species, and severe rock massifs, and the purest lakes. That is why tourism in the native land is so widespread among the inhabitants of the region - it is impossible to enjoy its beauty.
Since the Krasnoyarsk Territory, due to its size, contains three climatic zones (arctic, subarctic and temperate), the climate in the region is sharply continental. It is greatly influenced by mountains, as well as the Arctic Circle and remoteness from the sea.
In the north, in Norilsk, Dudinka, Igarka, winter lasts almost all year round: really warm days, when the temperature outside is more than fifteen degrees above zero, in this area in aggregate will be typed in a year no more than a month.
The Krasnoyarsk Territory takes the second place in terms of the area of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation. On this vast territory, a large number of minerals are mined, for example, coal, nickel, platinoids, quartz sands, various metal ores, and graphite. Large reserves of wood are also concentrated here, because more than 70% of the territory of the region is occupied by forests.
Extensive use of these resources determines the environmental problems of the Krasnoyarsk Territory. This constituent entity of the Russian Federation is leading not only in terms of area, but is also one of the top three in terms of environmental pollution. The consumer attitude to nature is the cause of many environmental troubles, the consequences of which are the unsatisfactory state of the natural environment of the region.
This constituent entity of the Russian Federation is a leader in many respects. It has the largest area and concentration of minerals, it is responsible for their extraction on a large scale. There are deposits of coal and nickel, graphite and quartz sands, all kinds of ores. The region is also engaged in timber harvesting, because more than half of the territory is occupied by forests.
If we briefly outline the environmental problems of the Krasnoyarsk Territory, we can say that the main one is the functioning of hazardous industries that pollute the air and dump waste into water. This is aggravated by the fact that these plants (2/3 of them) are located in the most densely populated cities of the region: Krasnoyarsk and Norilsk.
Another problem is deforestation, which are not only natural air purifiers, but also habitats for living organisms. Not enough attention is paid to plantings in cities.
All this allowed the region to be included in the top three in Russia with the highest environmental pollution. Let us examine in detail the ecological problems of the Krasnoyarsk Territory.
According to the president, "the main issuer is still a growing fleet of transport." “36% of all emissions are due to road transport, then 29% is an aluminum smelter, the next in terms of emissions is CHP, and what is not taken into account are households that are fired by coal. Surely this is also, especially in winter, what creates both the black sky and black snow, ”Putin said.
“SGK - these three largest CHPPs, there are 70% of the most modern cleaning systems, plus high pipes, [emissions] always fly away for tens of kilometers, even if something flies away ... The key problem of the city is in the energy sector Krasnoyarsk is the low-altitude emissions of coal-fired boiler houses, of which there are more than 30 units and which provide about 20% of the city's heat supply. The problem is not in the word "coal", the problem is that these are very old sources, which are 40–70 years old, and they either do not have a cleaning system, or they are systems that work poorly, or are generally dilapidated. And about 2% of heat supply is the private sector ... For example, in square meters it is 3%, moreover, with the suburbs of the city of Krasnoyarsk. But these are the lowest-altitude ones, they are straight chimneys. And then we begin to impose transport. Transport is additional low-altitude emissions. All this mixes up and creates the same smog, "explained Vladimir Rashevsky, CEO of SUEK.
Among the decisions announced by the President:
Conversion of vehicles to NGV fuel
On the official Facebook page of the Embassy of Hungary, a message appeared that the country was ready to open its borders to Russian tourists from July 15, 2020, but it was later removed.