Saratov - Impact of Industrial Potential on the Environmental Situation

Saratov - Impact of Industrial Potential on the Environmental Situation

The ecological problems of the Saratov region are associated with the contamination of the atmosphere of emissions of industrial enterprises and cars.

Every year, air masses are replenished more than 400 thousand onn pollutants, varying degrees of danger. The dynamic growth in the production of the chemical, fuel and petrochemical industry causes a negative impact on the environment.

Recently, low-level emissions are in low levels, as well as emergency prevention activities, as a result of which destructive consequences, both local nature, and more large-scale.

General information

Saratov region is geographically located in the South Eastern part of the European territory of the Russian Federation, in the northern part of the Lower Volga region, covers an area of ​​101240 km 2, the population of over 2.4 million. The city of Saratov is an administrative center, covers an area of ​​394 km 2, where more than 842 thousand people live.


The negative impact on the atmosphere of the region is provided as stationary (industrial enterprises, metallurgical factories, etc.) and mobile sources - cars. The overwhelming majority of sources of hazardous emissions are concentrated in Saratov and industrial regional centers, of which more than 50% are accounted for by motor vehicles.

Saratov enterprises produced over 50 million tons of harmful elements in the atmosphere, among which sulfur dioxide, ammonia, aldehydes, hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide, heavy metals, nitrogen oxides, atmospheric dust.


No smaller contribution to pollution brings heat-power plants that consume coal, the process of burning coal, cement production, cast iron production give a total emission of dust into the surrounding atmosphere in the amount of 170 million per year.

Water resources

Surface water bodies, which are the main sources of water supply for 80% of the population of the Saratov region, are contaminated with substances of biogenic and technogenic origin, which is another important problem.

For example, in the Volga, fish are dying due to water pollution, as a result, a change in the species composition occurs. Discharges from industrial enterprises settle at the bottom of the river, as a result of which the adapted fish accumulate harmful elements. This situation makes you think about eating such fish.

Utilization of industrial waste and solid waste

Environmental problems of the Saratov region are associated with air pollution from industrial and automobile emissions.

Every year the air masses are replenished with more than 400 thousand onn pollutants of various degrees of danger. The dynamic growth in the production of the chemical, fuel and petrochemical industries causes a negative impact on the environment.

Control over emissions has been at a low level recently, as well as measures to prevent accidents, as a result of which disastrous consequences, both local and large-scale, can occur.

General information

The Saratov region is geographically located in the south-eastern part of the European territory of the Russian Federation, in the northern part of the Lower Volga region, covers an area of ​​101,240 km2, with a population of over 2.4 million people. The city of Saratov is the administrative center, occupies an area of ​​394 km2, where more than 842 thousand people live.

Cost of Living

Saratov is a city of different opportunities for residents who were born and raised here, as well as for visitors from other regions of the country.

The standard of living here can be called optimal and affordable, although the city authorities are not doing enough to improve the welfare of Saratov.

When planning to move here, you need to study the financial component of the move.

First of all, attention should be paid to the cost of renting and buying a home:

The district was formed in the post-war 1945 and many of the names of the villages previously located on its territory have survived to this day (Polivanovka, Elshanka, Dachnye villages).

It is possible without exaggeration to call Leninsky - an industrially developed area. Even before the Great Patriotic War, the construction of the Saratov electric generating plant began. One of the first gas storage facilities in the country was located in the Elshanka area. In the post-war years, a technical glass plant and a fat plant began to produce their products. Subsequently, some factories were refurbished and changed their product line. The industrial zones of these industries have a negative impact on the general ecological situation in the region.

Ecology of Saratov

The ecological state of Saratov can be characterized as critical. This is due to the harmful pollution of the atmosphere. Every year, more than four hundred thousand tons of substances hazardous to the ecosystem are released into the air. The state of the atmosphere in the area of ​​the Central Collective Farm Market in Saratov remains the most unfavorable. Another area with a difficult ecological situation is Chapaeva Street. A city with such a high level of industry as Saratov is a system that is almost completely incapable of regeneration. The size of the negative influence of Saratov exceeds its area by 20-50 times. As a result, nearby settlements and suburban areas are polluted. The main environmental problems in the city of Saratov include the following: a small area of ​​green spaces, the development of landslides, flooding, etc., pollution of the air and water environment. Moreover, the issue of industrial waste disposal is not being resolved in the city. However, some measures to control the ecological environment are still being taken. This includes such innovations as, for example, the ban on the use of leaded gasoline at filling stations within the city of Saratov. Thanks to this control over the state of ground transport, there have been significant positive shifts in the state of the atmosphere.

Government of the Saratov Region

Main functions of the Ministry:

In the field of environmental protection:

- implementation of state management in the field of environmental protection, participation in ensuring environmental safety, study, reproduction, use and protection of natural resources;

- implementation of regional state environmental supervision in the implementation of economic and other activities, with the exception of activities using facilities subject to federal state environmental supervision:

○ state supervision over geological exploration, rational use and protection of subsoil in relation to subsoil plots of local importance;

Saratov is a city in the southeast of Russia and the administrative center of the Saratov region.

The city is part of the municipality "City of Saratov" and belongs to the major cultural, economic and educational centers of the Volga region. Saratov is one of the twenty largest Russian cities, but it is not a millionaire city.

Location - right bank of the Volgograd reservoir. The nearest large cities are Volgograd at a distance of almost 400 km and Samara at a distance of just over 440 km. From Saratov to the capital - 858 km.

The climatic conditions in the city are moderate continental and are characterized by minor deviations from the norm. Average annual indicators are:

  • temperature - +6.9 ° C;
  • wind speed - 3.8 m/s;
  • air humidity - 70 %.

According to research, Saratov ranks second among large cities in Russia and sixth in the world in terms of population decline. Over the past years, there has been an improvement in the demographic situation, and this year the population of the city is 842,097 people. The leader among the districts in terms of population density is the Leninsky District, which is home to about 270 thousand people.

Environmental situation in the city

Saratov is characterized by an increased level of groundwater, due to which there are periodic fluctuations in the height of the asphalt pavement in the central part of the city. The peculiarity of the Volga region is the river belonging to the bed of the Glebuchev ravine. The river has been enclosed in a special collector for some time now.

The abundance of industrial facilities negatively affects the overall ecological state of the city. For several decades, significant pollution of the atmospheric front and the aquatic environment has been traced as a result of the activities of numerous sources of toxic emissions.

The annual volume of polluting emissions is approaching 300 thousand tons. A significant part of them is accounted for by road transport, which for the most part does not meet the established environmental standards.

Green economy is the principle of sustainable urban development in all progressive countries of the world. Many states are trying to achieve a minimum impact on the environment, reduce air emissions and improve a favorable environment for their citizens.

The latest disaster news has been a catalyst for environmental concerns for many. It may seem that oil has spilled throughout the country, and there is more heavy metals in the air than in a cast-iron skillet.

But do not rush to get upset and look for housing in Sweden or Denmark. We will tell you about the cities of Russia in which humans have not yet managed to destroy ecosystems.


The first in line is the capital of the Tambov region, which for several years has been occupying a leading position in the eco-rating of cities by the Green Patrol public organization.

In recent years, the indicators of the maximum permissible level of emissions into the atmosphere have practically not increased, and work is underway to cleanse rivers, against floods, repair hydraulic structures and eliminate unauthorized dumps.

The city is one of the ten leaders of the "Green Shield" - a natural framework consisting of forests, fields, rivers, lakes, and shores. It serves to strengthen the environment and protect against the impact of man-made and anthropogenic factors.

From Moscow to Tambov 459 km, from St. Petersburg - 1171 km. The most environmentally friendly option is to travel by train, the journey from the capital will take about 9 hours.

What to see?

You need to go here for the beauty of Russian forests and fields, which are abundant in the region:

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