Natural Monuments of Donbass

We develop ecological and educational tourism in Donbass

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This article is about the historically formed region, located on the part of the territories of Donetsk and Lugansk regions of Ukraine [

1]. For the coal-mining region within the Rostov region of the Russian Federation, see Eastern Donbass; about the coal-mining region in the Dnipropetrovsk region of Ukraine, see Western Donbass; for other uses, see Donbass (disambiguation).

(Ukrainian Donbas), also Donetschina [1] [

3] (Ukrainian Donetskchina), Donetsk Territory [5] (Ukrainian Donetsk Territory) - a region within the boundaries of the Donetsk Ridge, formed as a result of general historical development and close intertwining of the economic activities of a number of industrial cities in eastern Ukraine ... It includes most of Donetsk and the southern part of Luhansk (with the exception of the northern territories, which have a different economic structure and are traditionally considered part of Slobozhanshchina) regions. A large center of the coal industry of Ukraine, ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy. The informal capital is the city of Donetsk. Katoikonyms - Donetsk people (Ukrainian Donetsk people) [6]; less often - Donbass (Ukrainian Donbass) [7] [8] or Donbass (Ukrainian Donbass) [9] [10] [11]; colloquially - Donetsk (Ukrainian Donetsk).

The date of foundation is considered to be 1721 [12], when the Donetsk coal basin was discovered by an expedition led by Grigory Grigorievich Kapustin [13]. However, the industrial development of the region began only in the second half of the 19th century. Since the name of the region comes from the name of the coal basin, confusion often occurs: in the context of the coal mining industry, the territory of the region is known as the Small Donbass

and is part of the so-called Big Donbass - the entire territory of the Donetsk coal basin, which also includes the eastern regions of the Dnipropetrovsk region of Ukraine (Western Donbass), as well as the western part of the Rostov region of the Russian Federation (Eastern Donbass) [12] ...

Donbass is one of the most urbanized regions in the world and the most urbanized region of the country, in cities and urban-type settlements of which about 90% of the population live. On the territory of the region there is the so-called Big Donetsk (Ukrainian Veliky Donetsk) - the third largest urban agglomeration of Ukraine.


We develop ecological and educational tourism in Donbass

Unique natural attractions of Donetsk region

Probably, I was not the only one who had the opinion for a long time that there are almost no interesting sights in the Donetsk region, an industrial region of Ukraine. However, this is not so: here, in the steppe region, there are several unique natural attractions, which we will tell you about.

Probably, I was not the only one who had the opinion for a long time that there are almost no interesting sights in the Donetsk region, an industrial region of Ukraine. However, this is not so: here, in the steppe region, there are several unique natural attractions, which we will tell you about.

Cretaceous rock in Belokuzminovka

The cliff-like outcrop of chalk and the surrounding forest-steppe area (0.35 hectares) is part of the Kramatorsky Regional Landscape Park, which also includes the Pchelkinsky Petrified Trees site (here, on an area of ​​more than 15 hectares, there are petrified araucaria), Belenkoye and Kamyshevakha.

Belokuzminovka is a small village. Despite the fact that it belongs to the Konstantinovsky district, the easiest way to get to it is from the bus station in Ramatorsk (located in the Old Town, not far from the railway station), by bus # 29. Literally 20 minutes of country roads - and here we are. Leaving at the final stop, we immediately see "chalk rocks" unusual for the surrounding steppe landscape (to them from the stop - only 500-600 meters).

The first thing that strikes after the city is the extraordinary silence, not absolutely silent, but filled with the singing of birds, the sounds of insects, the rustle of leaves. A beautiful forest-steppe, a stream, geese walking on the edge of the village - this is already enough to say “we came here for a reason!”. Having made a short stop on the bank of the stream (a great place for a small picnic!), We move further up the hill.

It is not difficult to climb to the foot of the “mountain”. But it will also be interesting for young people to climb to the very top. It is not difficult, you just need to take your time and be very careful, because. the chalk slides under your feet (we do not recommend trying to climb up if the chalk is wet!). But if you succeed, you will definitely not regret it. Above, at a height of 25 meters, unusually beautiful views open up. The winds are blowing, the swifts are flying very close, and - silence!

Here's what information we managed to find on this place. The white chalk cliffs that rise above the steppe were formed in the Mesozoic period from the loose marine sediment of the ancient sea. The exposure of the chalk rock rises to a height of more than 25 meters. On the eastern outskirts of the denudation stands the Sword Mountain. The chalk mountain is about 90 million years old! At the foot of the mountain there are many other smaller rocks, potholes, large and small caves.

The largest rock system is located 500 m from the center of the village of Belokuzminovka. The rocks are composed of vertical chalk layers and horizontal flint veins. Some rocks are shaped like fingers or sails. Flint shards of clearly living origin. These are probably the remains of the coral of the ancient Tethys Ocean.

On the outskirts of Belokuzminovka, not far from the Cretaceous outcrop, archaeologists discovered a primitive man's site and a flint processing workshop.

Regional Landscape Park "Kleban-Byk"

The landscape park (created in 2000) is located on the territory of the Konstantinovsky district (north of Belokuzminovka). The territory of the park (which is more than 2 thousand hectares) is a picturesque, mountainous area on both banks of the Kleban-Byk reservoir, at the mouth of the Bychok river (a tributary of the Krivoy Torets river). The creation of the park is also a tribute to the historical past. This area is closely connected with the history of the Zaporozhye Army and its state - the glorious Zaporozhye Sich. Almost since 1500, in the tsarist letters issued to the Zaporozhye Army about the boundaries of Cossack liberties, there is the name "Tract of the Bychok River", since 1600 - "Klebina", and since 1720 - "Kleban-Byk". Not far from the confluence of the Bychok and Krivoy Torets rivers there was a Cossack outpost "Zheleznaya", which is now called a small village near the city of Dzerzhinsk.

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