Marked hiking trails (trails)

Santiago Trail; in Russian: Russia is preparing to open a new tour route

A new pedestrian route "Big Kuban Trail" will appear in the Krasnodar Territory. It is being developed by the Department of the Russian Geographical Society in the Krasnodar Territory. The authors do not exclude that the tourist project may intersect with the objects of the "Golden Ring of the Bosporus Kingdom", but this does not interfere with its originality. How the "Great Kuban Trail" will help the development and promotion of several tourism destinations in the Krasnodar Territory at once, what events are being prepared for travelers for the next year, what tourist "brands" will appear in the region and what needs to be done to make Russians want to travel around the country more often, the chairman said Krasnodar regional branch of the Russian Geographical Society Ivan Chaika.

- At the initiative of the Krasnodar Territory leadership and the local branch of the Russian Geographical Society, large-scale tourism products are being created. Among them is the project "The Golden Ring of the Bosporus Kingdom". How much is it in demand among vacationers today?

- The project turned out to be significant and in demand. Thanks to him, we began to position in a new way the objects of historical and cultural heritage and tourist shows associated with Antiquity. The Krasnodar Territory is perceived by tourists as a resort where they go for a passive vacation by the sea. Therefore, we pursued the goal of showing potential vacationers that in the Kuban, in addition to the Black and Azov seas, there are many interesting objects of eventful, educational, wine tourism.

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In addition, the project contributes to the solution of another important task - the development of year-round recreation. A person who comes to travel along the routes of the "Golden Ring of the Bosporus Kingdom" primarily visits objects of historical and cultural heritage, and access to most of them is possible not only in summer, but also in the off-season. These are museums, excavations, wineries that work for tourists all year round. And this, of course, gives an additional impetus to the development of the resort industry in the Krasnodar Territory and other regions participating in this project.

"The Golden Ring of the Bosporus Kingdom" is a global tourist project of the Russian Geographical Society, the route of which passes through the territory of 12 cities of the Krasnodar Territory, the Republic of Crimea, Sevastopol and the Rostov Region and includes more than 35 sites thematically related to history Bosporus. At the meeting of the Board of Trustees of the Russian Geographical Society in April 2019, President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Putin noted the Golden Ring of the Bosporus Kingdom as one of the most important tourism projects that can show Russia in all its diversity.

The project was initiated by the Krasnodar regional branch of the Russian Geographical Society and is being implemented jointly with the Ministry of Resorts, Tourism and Olympic Heritage of the Krasnodar Territory, as well as similar ministries of three other constituent entities of southern Russia that participate in this project. These are the Republic of Crimea, Sevastopol and the Rostov region.

- Have many people already passed the route?

- The ministries in charge of the sphere of resorts and tourism in four regions have counted the number of people who have visited the sites of the "Golden Ring of the Bosporan Kingdom" only last year. This figure was more than 1 million 750 thousand people, including foreign guests. I must say that this is a fairly approximate figure, since the calculation was based on the tourist sites where entrance tickets are sold.

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And there are, for example, such objects as the sights of the Sevastopol Inkerman, which tourists can visit freely. If we take them into account, then the number of guests who have visited the routes of the project will be even greater.

Santiago Trail; in Russian: Russia is preparing to open a new tour route

After my publication about the Lycian Trail, several readers at once asked questions about what marked tourist routes are. To help you understand this issue, I wrote this article.

Marked hiking trails (trails) - designed to help you with the least difficulty make the intended walk, hike or excursion. This is a good help for those who do not know the area of ​​travel or do not have sufficient navigation skills.

Trails are marked with road signs. First of all, these are colored markers indicating the direction of the path. They are applied both on natural objects (stones, trees) and on man-made signs. The color and shape may differ depending on the country, area, where the route passes.

Color gradation can indicate both simply the belonging of a given trail to a specific route, and the complexity of the route in the global marking system of a given region.

Form - from simply applied paint directly to the object, to a special plate. Also on the routes are marked places for rest, spending the night, making fires, attractions. Information boards with descriptions of flora and fauna, historical facts related to this place can be placed.

Main objectives of marked routes

- Enhance the content of your journey. Marked routes pass through the most interesting and significant sights of the area.

- Security. Marking is laid bypassing difficult terrain areas, predetermining the path of tourists to the most convenient, easily accessible and safe places.

- Contribution to nature conservation. Marked routes transfer the main burden on nature from large areas to limited areas, giving concerts a stream of people on roads and trails, ready-made camp and campfire sites, prepared in advance for tourists to visit the territories.

Who creates them and where

The marked route system is best developed in Europe and the USA.

In the Old World, marked hiking trails are developed by the European Pedestrian Association (ERA). The system they created includes both national and trans-European marked routes. The organization was created as a whole to promote hiking, share experiences and ensure safety while hiking. Its activities are aimed at promoting the acquaintance of people with the European cultural heritage and its protection, strengthening the ties of Europeans from different countries through acquaintance with the culture of each other.

In the United States, federal agencies are involved in the development and arrangement of marked routes - the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), the United States Forest Service (USFS) or the United States National Park Service (USF). NationalParkService, NPS).

Member of the Russian Geographical Society Ivan Chaika talks about domestic tourism projects

In the footsteps of the leopard

The Land of the Leopard National Park in Primorsky Krai is probably one of the most famous Russian reserves. It got its name due to the fact that it is the habitat of rare (in Russia there are only about 70 of them) Far Eastern leopards. Traveling along its paths, you can meet other predatory cats - the Amur tiger, lynx and Far Eastern forest cat. The park is also home to foxes, forest cats, squirrels, mice and many other smaller animals.

There is one tourist route in the national park - "Leopard's Lair", which will lead tourists to caves similar to those in which predators raise their kittens. Of course, no one guarantees to park visitors that they will get to know leopards: wild cats are very careful. But on the other hand, all the participants of the trip will definitely see feeding grounds for leopards, traces of animals along the entire route and, of course, the beautiful tundra.

Now the park staff are preparing to open several more eco-trails.

The park can be reached by bus from Vladivostok or, in summer, by ferry from the city to the village of Slavyanka, and then by bus to the village of Barabash.

Taimyr

The number of nature reserves and ecotrails in Russia continues to grow steadily. Thus, for the Year of Ecology, eco-routes of the specially protected area “Reserves of Taimyr” were opened. This project unites several of the largest reserves: Bolshoi Arctic, Taimyrsky and Putoransky and the Purinsky and Severozemelsky reserves. The total area of ​​the combined reserve and its protected areas is more than 12 million hectares, so it is rightfully considered one of the largest and richest Russian nature reserve parks.

Not all areas of the park are open to visitors. In addition, tourists are warned: the climatic conditions in the region are difficult, and it depends on which parts of the reserve guests can visit. The climate is really harsh: the territory of the park is located in the permafrost zone, so frosts and snow occur even in summer, and ice forms at least 2 meters thick on the water bodies. However, in almost any weather, the Big Norilsk Lakes, the Putorana Plateau and the Arctic coast are accessible to tourists. There, in good weather, the administration of the reserve arranges adventure and photo tours, and also offers to observe the life of birds: here you can see a white owl, an elegant tundra swan, and the fastest bird in the world - a peregrine falcon. However, the world of animals is no less interesting. If you are lucky, while visiting the park, you will come across reindeer, huge and majestic musk oxen or Putorana bighorn sheep. Looking at their hooves, it's hard to imagine, but rams are excellent climbers: they easily conquer steep mountain slopes and can climb up to 1,700 meters.

You can get to the reserve from Krasnoyarsk. From there you need to get to the village of Khatanga, where the administration of the national park is located. To visit it, tourists will have to register on the site of the reserve in advance and be prepared for the fact that the visit may be canceled or postponed due to difficult weather conditions.

Baikal and the Baikal region

The Baikal State Natural Biosphere Reserve is known among tourists. The main reason, of course, lies in the fact that it is located on the shores of the deepest lake in the world and the most famous Russian reservoir - Lake Baikal. The protected areas unite the Baikalsky and Baikal-Lensky reserves, as well as the Pribaikalsky national park.

In the reserve, tourists will be able to follow several eco-routes. The main one is the Great Baikal Trail from Listvyanka to the village of Bolshiye Koty, about 24 kilometers long. The park administration warns: the eco-trail is not a wide asphalt road, and ecotourism lovers will have to be careful. Some of its sections are narrow and are located directly above the cliff at a high altitude. But those who decide to visit it will be rewarded with beautiful landscapes and, possibly, an acquaintance with the cute Baikal seal. If you prefer birds to animals, then the administration of the reserve park has prepared an eco-route "Bird Paradise" for you: here you can see, for example, a gray heron or a whooper swan. This route is a boat route, and those who like hiking in the park will be offered an eco-trip “Along the spurs of Khamar-Daban”. Its route leads to the Khamar-Daban ridge along the Osinovka river bed, and on the way, visitors to the park will see the Osinovsky waterfall and relict glades where rare plants are found. Among them, for example, is the delicate white flower of the Baikal anemone. Its second name is anemone, which in Latin means "daughter of the wind". The fact is that at the slightest breeze, its petals flutter like butterflies. The hamar raponticum also grows here, which is also called the maral root. It is considered a natural tonic - there is a legend that the warriors of Genghis Khan used it before the battle.

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