Latvia ecological tourism

Natural beauty

In terms of the number of places where you can admire wildlife, Latvia occupies a leading position in the world. Someone may ironically say that even half of the territory of Latvia is not covered with dense forests, but despite this, the ecosystem of Latvia is one of the rarest, and for the most part it has not been touched by humans. Latvia is a paradise for those who dream of seeing a place where nature and man harmoniously coexist from time immemorial.

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Natural diversity

The untouched nature of Latvia is rich and varied. Hilly plains stretching towards the seashore, a network of countless rivers and lakes. Majestic forests, long bogs, meadows, groves and parks make up the unique Latvian landscape. The countryside of Latvia conquers with its pastoral serenity.

If you love nature, you will love it here. Latvia resembles a nature reserve, where in some places there are high-tech islets of modern European cities. This is an amazing country where forests, swamps, lakes and rivers live in their own rhythm with almost no human intervention.

Nowhere in Europe can you find such a large population of black storks and lesser spotted eagles. On an area of ​​65,000 sq. km are inhabited by hundreds of wolves and lynxes, 4,000 otters and 100,000 beavers. The sea coast of Latvia is 500 km of white sandy beaches, almost untouched by the resort and restaurant business, as well as by crowds of vacationers.

The climate of Latvia is gradually shifting from maritime on the western coast to continental, typical for the eastern part of the country. It is a kind of natural crossroads where humans meet flora and fauna. The geographical position of Latvia along the shores of the Baltic Sea creates unique conditions for the coexistence of vegetation characteristic of different geographic regions.

Latvian forests are mixed: there are both northern conifers and southern deciduous trees. Here you can see a pine grove next to a birch forest, as well as meet a variety of flora and fauna. Almost a quarter of the local forests grow in wetlands due to the unique climatic and topographic features of the area. There is a great biological diversity in such forests. Many species of plants and animals can exist only in the habitat conditions provided by the Latvian nature.

Several Latvian forests meet all the parameters of a natural forest. Many different berries grow in these forests: wild strawberries, blueberries, raspberries and logan berries. The berry season starts at the end of June and lasts until the end of September. During this time, you can also pick mushrooms. Mushroom pickers prefer porcini mushrooms, aspen mushrooms, chanterelles and russula. With the exception of clearly marked private areas, all of the natural wealth of Latvian forests, including berries, mushrooms and nuts, is at the disposal of the people.

Seaside

The Baltic Sea coast is an important part of the Latvian landscape. Sand dunes reaching 36 m in height, estuaries, marshes, sandy beaches and lakes form a unique ecosystem. Fishing villages still exist here, as if descended from the pages of a history textbook. These villages were founded by the Livs, an ancient Finno-Ugric tribe that inhabited the coast of the Baltic Sea.

Fishing traditions are an important part of Latvian culture. Going out to sea with a local fisherman, catching and preparing the catch, you will have an unforgettable experience. The coastal fishing village is easily identified by its smoked fish aroma, which is its trademark. Small bays are still full of life and await their captains. You can bypass almost half of Latvia by traveling by sea from harbor to harbor.

Swamps and Marshes

In terms of the number of places where you can admire wildlife, Latvia occupies a leading position in the world. Someone may ironically say that even half of the territory of Latvia is not covered with dense forests, but despite this, the ecosystem of Latvia is one of the rarest, and for the most part it has not been touched by humans. Latvia is a paradise for those who dream of seeing a place where from time immemorial

Kurzeme is the western part of Latvia, located on the shores of the Baltic Sea. Our contemporaries know this region from the two large port cities located in it - Ventspils and Liepaja. If you describe Kurzeme in two words, it is high dunes, dense forests, wide uncrowded beaches, small original fishing villages of the Livs and many old lighthouses.

History of the region

From history the described part of Latvia is known to us as Courland or the ancient Kursa, which became part of Livonia in the 12th century. The Duchy of Courland and Zemgale emerged in the 16th century after the collapse of the Livonian states. The new state dependent on Poland was led by Duke Gotthard Kettler, a vassal of the Polish king. After his death, the management of the duchy passed to his sons, Frederick and Wilhelm. The first ruled Zemgale, and the second ruled Kurzeme. During the reign of William, the development and flourishing of the trade of the lands entrusted to him was observed. He also managed to re-annex to Kurzeme the territory of the Pilten bishopric, which was sold to the Danes during the war, as well as the Grobina district, which was pledged by the ruler of Prussia. From 1795 to 1917, the territory of modern Western Latvia was part of the Russian Empire as the Courland province.

Nature and sights of Kurzeme

Western Latvia is washed by the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Riga. In some places, this coastal lowland is swampy. The region is characterized by shallow lakes of glacial origin. Venta is the largest river in the region.

Kurzeme is an ideal place for lovers of the splendor of natural landscapes, because even, according to Latvians themselves, nature is the richest in the country. Forests with the same maples, spruces, pines, oaks, aspens, birches, etc. have a more lush, vibrant and juicy appearance. Anyone who comes here for the first time is amazed by the contrast of local colors.

The region is so rich in sights that even a month will not be enough for a tourist to get acquainted with the most significant of them at least superficially. You should definitely visit the city of Liepaja, recognized by Latvians as the capital of winds and rock music. The most famous of the city's many cultural heritage are the mechanical organ in the Cathedral of the Holy Trinity and the incredible length of amber beads in the House of Craftsmen.

Ventspils is called the city of fountains and flowers, so it is better to visit it during the warm season. Kuldiga fascinates its guests with ancient architecture, made in a romantic style: local miniature streets and courtyards - a living open-air museum. There is also a brick bridge over the Venta and the widest natural waterfall in Europe - Ventas rumba. Separately, I would like to talk about the Livsky coast and the Suit region, which will be of interest to fans of ecotourism.

Livonian coast

The Livs coast is located in the north of Kurzeme near the Irbene Strait. It has been a protected area since 1991, as it is rich in unique natural and cultural attractions. In the local centuries-old fishing villages of the Livs, and there are only 12 of them left, you can get acquainted with the local culture. It comes to life especially brightly at the beginning of August, when the Livonian Festival gathers representatives of this small nation from all over the country in Mazibra.

Every year more than 50 thousand tourists flock to the "Northern Rainforests", which occupy the ancient shore of the icy lake. Guests of Kurzeme are also attracted by the bird migration sites at Cape Kolka, the Rakupė and Dižkalns nature reserves, the Slitere national park and other protected areas. On the Livsky coast alone, you can find 30 plant varieties and over 200 mushrooms, which are not found in the rest of Latvia. And only here the capercaillies of the Tetrao faber species live.

The Libyan coast also attracts supporters of outdoor activities: surfers, fans of Scandinavian walking, bicycle tourists.

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Wild and exotic Laos is not considered a popular tourist destination like neighboring Vietnam and Thailand. Despite the absence of seaside resorts, the place is famous for its ancient temples, tropical jungles, picturesque landscapes and majestic mountains, so every year several thousand lovers of exotic and adventure come here.

Overview of Laos

The state is located on the Indochina peninsula, in the southeastern region of Asia, and is considered the poorest. Laos borders on Cambodia, China, Vietnam and Thailand, while the republic is considered mysterious and exotic for the domestic traveler. Only in 1988 it became open to tourists.

Among the peculiarities of recreation in the state, one can single out a huge cultural potential, which is expressed in traditions, everyday life, and religious beliefs. It is not easy to get to the country, most of the settlements are located in mountain ranges, where there are no transport connections.

The weather is formed by the subequatorial monsoon belt with three periods. The wet season operates from May to October, dry cool from November to January, and hot in spring. The mountainous provinces are best visited from November to July, while the rest of the regions are best visited in February.

How to get to resorts from different CIS countries

Laos does not have direct flights with the CIS countries, domestic tourists will have to get to Vientiane with transfers in Ho Chi Minh City or Bangkok. If you do not take into account the docking, the flight will take about 11 hours. Russian citizens can stay in the country for up to 15 days without a special visa, but it is recommended to take out medical insurance before traveling.

Recently, China has established a railway connection with Laos, which allows you to cross half the territory of the mysterious state as conveniently as possible and enjoy the majestic views of the mountains. Travel from China by train takes 16 hours.

Mountain and medical resorts of the country

Laos is famous for its beautiful mountain ranges, the republic will delight you with a variety of mountain resorts. The exotic town of Vang Vieng is located on the banks of the Nam Son River. The place is appreciated by fans of outdoor activities and stunning nature. In addition to the tourist infrastructure, Vang Vieng attracts with excellent conditions for kayaking and climbing on limestone peaks.

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