Many tourists, tired of the annoying Turkish and Egyptian resorts, are looking for a worthy alternative: a warm country. where it's not far to fly, and you don't need to get a visa.
But Morocco for Russian tourists is still a mysterious country, terra mifica. This direction is chosen, as a rule, by more sophisticated tourists who have been to many places, and for them, in addition to the beach, a rich cultural program is also important. For such tourists, Morocco is the promised land.
I myself almost got together one day in Morocco. And even sent an application to the tour operator. But, due to some personal circumstances, she was then forced to abandon the trip. Did not work out. And as it turned out later, my trip would not have taken place anyway - the tour operator was on the verge of bankruptcy and filmed its flight program in Morocco. But my dream to visit this country has not gone anywhere. So today I want to discuss with you once again the advantages that Morocco has as a tourist destination. And dream ..
So, the Kingdom of Morocco is located in the North-West of the African continent. And despite the African identity, Africa in this country is just the least of all. The population of the country is 32 million citizens, half of them are Arabs. The official language is Arabic and French. Spanish is also often spoken. Well, no wonder, right? Spain is there, across the Strait of Gibraltar ...
The undoubted advantages of rest in Morocco include:
- visa-free entry for Russians,
- comfortable conditions for recreation in terms of climate and safety,
- ample opportunities for thalassotherapy,
is the perfect place to surf,
- a wide range of excursion routes.
Let's go over these points more closely.
Morocco is a country of temptation, an oriental beauty, skillfully flirting with a mesmerized guest. Located in North Africa, it is full of paradoxes. Beautiful and amazing beckons from all parts of the world: in the west - the riot of the Atlantic, in the north - the gentle waters of the Mediterranean Sea, in the south - the cosmic reliefs of the Sahara. And in the heart there are picturesque cities where the hot temperament of the Black Continent, millennial oriental traditions and modern technologies of the West are mixed.
An old mosque is probably hidden behind the facade of a luxurious hotel, behind a shopping center familiar to European gaze - a noisy market, maddening with aromas of spices, behind a fashionable spa with an exclusive thalasso menu - a secluded beach with idyllic landscapes. The traveler can only look around more attentively and be ready for endless discoveries.
The capital is Rabat, a city of parks, wide alleys and architectural landmarks, where you can read the entire history of the state. Here are the residence of the royal family, the blue and white Medina, ancient mosques and museums that plunge into the depths of the centuries. Within the city there is an excellent beach on the Atlantic Ocean, the best hotels are on the central street. Muhammad V.
The other imperial cities - Fez, Marrakesh and Meknes should certainly be included in the excursion route. The first is called "African Athens": medieval quarters have not been rebuilt for centuries, family crafts (the main of which is leather) are passed from father to son.
There are two ancient centers in Fez at once: Fez al-Bali with endless labyrinths of streets (there are as many as 6000 here!) and Fez-Jidd with the magnificent Emir's Palace.
Marrakech is a huge tourist attraction: just have time to dodge souvenir sellers, street acrobats and snake charmers. Abstracted from the hustle and bustle, you can enjoy walks in the UNESCO-listed Medina, magnificent gardens and parks. Meknes, baptized "Moroccan Versailles", is much more comfortable and intimate: local palaces, minarets and mausoleums are full of noble grandeur.
There are beach resorts in Morocco, the most popular of which is Agadir with 6 km of coastline covered with golden sand, comfortable hotels and all kinds of entertainment: from golf to thalasso. Essaouira has always wind and waves, making it ideal for surfing, while in Tangier you can swim in both the Mediterranean Sea and the ocean. Tucked away in a picturesque lagoon, Oualidia is famous for its delicious oysters, and El Jadida is famous for its European architecture, preserved from colonial times.
For all the details about the cities, see the pages "Cities and Resorts of Morocco" and "Tours in Morocco".
Due to the large differences in relief and the proximity of the capricious Atlantic, the climate in Morocco varies significantly throughout the country. On the Mediterranean coast, it is mild, subtropical, with hot summers and moderately cold winters. The temperature in summer reaches +29. +35 ° C, and +15 in winter. +20 ° C, in the mountains -15 ° C. Summer heat is well tolerated thanks to the cool ocean breeze. The average water temperature is +18. +21 ° C. In the mountains, even on the hottest days, the temperature does not rise above + 15 ° С; in winter, some peaks are covered with snow. Snow lies at an altitude of 2000 m for more than 5 months a year.
Overcast clouds are rare in Morocco. In Marrakech and Fez, as well as in Agadir, on average more than 8 hours of sunshine per day. The number of frosty days per year is 120. Up-to-date information: weather forecast for the main resorts of Morocco for the coming days.
Marrakech is one of the most spectacular cities in Morocco. The old town is so distinctive that it seems like a portal to the distant past. Here, exoticism is found at every step. Sometimes it seems that this is not a city at all, but bright scenery for filming a film in the genre of "fantasy". However, everything is real here - from the terracotta fortress to the trained snakes in Djemaa al-Fna square.
In the west, the Kingdom of Morocco is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean, and in the north the fertile Mediterranean Sea splashes. On the coast, the temperature does not rise above +30 degrees, there is a lot of greenery and flowers, and in the center of the country you can feel the hot breath of the Sahara. Marrakech is the fourth largest city in the country. It is located inland, at the foot of the Atlas Mountains.
From the window of an aircraft approaching landing, the city appears at a glance. There is no other color here than terracotta. The earth and mountains have the same color. For this reason, Marrakech fits perfectly into the local landscape. There are no high-rise buildings in the city. Two- and three-storey buildings prevail. It is surrounded on all sides by farmland, where tangerines, oranges, wheat, potatoes, beets and beans are grown. Agriculture employs 40% of the country's population.
Oranges and tangerines are national treasures of Morocco
Mountains rise to the south. They cannot be called impregnable, nevertheless, there is snow on the peaks, which indicates a high altitude. The record holder is the Jbel Tishka mountain with a height of 3240 meters. Marrakech is located on a plain, which is located at an altitude of 450 meters above sea level. From Marrakech to the capital Rabat - 330 kilometers, to the coastal city of Essaouira - 180 kilometers.
The best period for exploring the city is from September to December and from April to May. At this time, there is no sweltering heat, and ripe tangerines can be picked right from the trees. In summer, the air temperature rises to 40 degrees, and precipitation falls no more than five millimeters per month! Most of all it rains in winter, but in this case, the precipitation rate does not exceed 30 millimeters.
The Berbers are considered indigenous to Morocco. More than two thousand years ago, the Phoenicians landed on the coast, established colonies and gradually drove the aborigines inland. The Phoenicians were replaced by the Carthaginians, then by the Romans and Byzantines. In 682, a long period of Arab rule began. The period of the reign of Sultan Ahmed al-Mansoor al-Zahabi became a real "golden age".
However, the riches of the ancient Maghreb haunted many. First, sea pirates firmly settled here, and then the period of colonization began - the Portuguese, Spaniards and French came to African lands. As a result, most of Morocco became a French colony, and remained it until independence in 1956.
The current King Mohammed VI has ruled Morocco since 1999. Huge portraits of the king can be seen in all cities of the country. His father, Hasan II, enjoyed great prestige all over the world. It was he who achieved the independence of Morocco from France. The undoubted merits of Hassan II include the fact that he managed to significantly bring the Arab and European worlds closer together.
Marrakesh was founded in 1060 by Sultan Abu Bakr ibn Umar. The maximum flowering occurred at the end of the 12th century. Then the city played the role of the capital. It was then that I appeared the Koutoubia mosque and the palaces of the rulers. Several times Marrakech gave capital functions to the city of Fez. In the end, Rabat became the capital of the country. And Marrakech has become the largest cultural and tourist center in Morocco.
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