Indonesia attracts with the aroma of fragrant spices, beauty and uniqueness of exotic nature, surprises with the presence of different cultures and religions.
Indonesia is distinguished by the fact that it is the largest archipelago, consisting of more than 13,600 islands. It has a very rich flora and fauna, excellent conditions for surfers in the form of excellent ocean waves. the property of Indonesia is the largest Buddhist temple in the world.
Indonesia has a distinctly tropical climate. The temperature is constant all year round - about 28-32 degrees Celsius. Only the seasons differ - they are rainy and dry. The rainy season lasts from November to February, dry from March to October. Even with high humidity, the climate is tolerated quite easily. The dry season is more suitable for relaxation in terms of comfort.
Indonesian cuisine is not charismatic and is a mixture of Chinese, Indian and culinary traditions. The main component of the products is rice, which is made in absolutely different types and recipes. Of course, each dish is accompanied by a generous addition of seasonings and sauces. There are always large quantities of vegetables and fruits in the diet.
As for the protection of tourists, there are no mandatory vaccination requirements. A special feature is the perception of a person's head as a sacred part of the body, so the tourist must exclude any touching of the person's head, including those of a friendly nature.
Indonesia is a Muslim country. Accordingly, you should exclude short shorts or skirts from your wardrobe, as well as topless.
Indonesia is located in Southeast Asia. The archipelago consists of 5 main islands (Sumatra, Kalimantan, Sulawesi, part of New Guinea and Java) and many small islands scattered between Asia and Australia. There are more than 18,000 of them, and only 6,000 of them are inhabited. The total area of the archipelago is 1904.5 thousand square meters. km., it is the largest island state. The region belongs to the Pacific Ring of Fire - of the 500 volcanoes located here, about 200 are active. The most famous volcanoes are Krakatoa in the Sunda Strait and Tambor on Sumbawa Island. In 1883, as a result of the eruption of the Krakatoa volcano, an entire island was destroyed and tens of thousands of people died. Now in its place is the island of Anak Krakatoa (son of Krakatoa). The eruption of the Tambor volcano in 1815 is considered the strongest on Earth in the last 500 years.
From the north, Indonesia is washed by the South China Sea, to the south and west by the Indian Ocean, and from the east by the Pacific Ocean. The relief of the main islands is mostly mountainous, and the coastal areas are plains. In the west of Sumatra, the Barisan mountains are located, the highest point of which is the Kerinchi volcano (3800 m), while the eastern part is a swampy plain where the largest tropical swamp in the world is located. There are numerous volcanoes along the entire Java island, the highest being Semeru (3676 m). The island of Kalimantan is flat on the outskirts, and in the center there are ancient mountains, with elevations up to 4000 m, in the south there is a swampy lowland. The island of Sulawesi is dominated by young mountains with steep slopes. On the island of New Guinea, there is the highest point in the country - Mount Jaya (5040 m). On small islands, from large volcanoes, Rinjani (3726 m) in the north of Lombok island and Agun (3148 m) on the island of Bali stand out.
There are many rivers in Indonesia that are full of water throughout the year. On the island of Sumatra the rivers Hari (800 km), Musi, Kampar, Rokan and Siak flow, on the island of Kalimantan - Kapuas (1040 km), Mahakam, Martapura and Barito. Due to the sufficient moisture in the country, there are a large number of lakes and swamps. The largest lake is located in the north of Sumatra - Lake Toba, with an area of 1775 sq. km.
Indonesia has an equatorial and subequatorial maritime climate. On the southern and eastern islands, in a subequatorial climate, there are two seasons per year: rainy (from November to February) and dry (from March to October). The rainy season is characterized by short morning or nighttime thunderstorms. This part of the archipelago is the hottest: on the island of Bali, the daytime temperature in March can reach +34 degrees, in July it stays at +30 degrees, at night hours throughout the year - at least +23 degrees.
It should be noted that Indonesia is quite humid: in the rainy season, the relative humidity reaches 90%, and in the rest of the year - 80%. In general, about 3000 mm of precipitation falls here per year, and most of all - in the foothills. In the south of the island of Sulawesi, more than 700 mm of precipitation is recorded in January, while in August - only 15 mm. On the more northern islands, precipitation is evenly distributed throughout the year, with about 200-300 mm of precipitation falling monthly. On the flat areas of these islands all year round in the daytime the air warms up to +28 ... 30 degrees, in the mountains it is slightly cooler - about +20 degrees, and at night there are sometimes frosts here. Coastal waters in all areas have a temperature of at least +26 degrees.
Local guides tell all newcomers to Indonesia a pretentious legend: it turns out that initially the island of Bali was equipped by the gods exclusively "for themselves" - and only later, having become generous (or maybe spent some money), they decided to open it for people. I must say that today's heirs of the demiurges of antiquity take quite a decent rent from the guests of the island: Indonesia cannot be called a cheap destination. However, this country offers a really high-quality vacation, which justifies its cost, and the flow of those wishing to relax "like gods" is growing every season.
There are two main categories of tourists attracted by Indonesia: "seasoned" wealthy travelers in search of new experiences and equally wealthy newlyweds enjoying their honeymoon. If the prices do not bother, the only "but" may be only the duration of the flight. As for visa formalities, they are minimized: Indonesia “stamp” visas for Russians directly at passport control.
The capital is Jakarta, huge, multifaceted, polyphonic. The heart of the world's largest Muslim state is fraught with many mysteries: poverty here in some incomprehensible way coexists with luxury, the noise of avenues with endless traffic jams - with the serene silence of the islands, loyalty to traditions - with loyalty to cultural differences.
For a beautiful life, it is worth going to South Jakarta, where luxury residential and shopping complexes are concentrated. Famous landmarks await in the Central Municipality, and restaurants and seafood markets in the Northern Municipality. The western regions keep the memory of the Dutch colonialists, while the eastern regions are full of modern industry.
Thousand Islands District is a part of the capital that is completely different from it: in the national park in the middle of the Java Sea, nothing reminds of the bustle of the metropolis.
Most of the guests of Indonesia are nicer than Jakarta, but the islands famous all over the world. The leader in popularity is Bali with its magnificent beaches, formidable volcanoes and developed tourist infrastructure. Capital Denpasar is cozy and calm, with temples, museums and colorful markets. Kuta is restless, with non-stop hangouts, cheap bars and great surfing opportunities. Seminyak is also noisy, but sleeker, oriented towards a wealthy public, and Sanur is a paradise for families with children and lovers of privacy.
Kalimantan, partly owned by Indonesia, is a kingdom of pristine nature. About 10% of its inhabitants are "bounty hunters" Dayaks, as if lost in time and space. The center of the island is covered with dense jungle and riddled with rivers, the south is famous for fertile plantations and floating markets.
Sumatra boasts both natural and architectural treasures: palaces, mosques and museums adorn in cities, lakes, forests and volcanoes in national parks. Sulawesi is a treasure trove of ancient traditions and a magnet for keen divers. Java is one of the most populous islands on earth with amazing landscapes, tea plantations and old temples. The symbol of Lombok is deserted beaches: wide, clean, covered with coarse gray-beige sand. And Bintan and Batam have everything for a first-class vacation: from luxury hotels to spas and golf courses.
The territory of Indonesia is located in three time zones. For example, the islands of Java and Sumatra live according to Western Indonesian time (UTC + 7), Bali and Sulawesi according to Central Indonesian time (UTC + 8). Eastern Indonesian Time (UTC + 9) reigns in Papua and Maluku.
This selection was followed by the journalists of the Russian Reporter on the basis of information from Internet resources, so it should not be treated more than as a general advertising description. There are hundreds of no less interesting places in Russia, but in the indicated places, of course, there will be other options for proposals. However, in general, for an ecotourist, this is a pretty decent list of places worth visiting.
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