Denmark ecological tourism

A daring plan: how Norway is fighting overtourism and climate change at the same time

There are many reasons pushing a person to make a choice in favor of ecological tourism (ecotourism), as well as no less arguments proving that this type of recreation is a very good idea.

More and more people are realizing the benefits of travel, revealing to us the best in the natural world in a qualitatively new, sensual way. Conservation of nature is often the restoration of an already disturbed balance. Lux-trip. u supports the trend of ecotourism, so we try to publish more materials, reviews of locations where you can spend an unforgettable dream vacation in the style of ecotourism.

Learning from nature Understanding ecotourism

A vacation surrounded by unspoiled landscapes can be very rewarding. The world of flora and fauna is able to teach us amazing life lessons - and not in a dry museum manner, but in an absolutely lively and breathing atmosphere. Such experience will allow us to look at things from a completely different angle, as well as penetrate into the hitherto unknown essence of things.

Building a Global Ecotourism Consciousness

Some might argue that the cost of air travel is too high for the planet, and that the best gift for nature is to stay at home. But in such a case, we would not be able to see environmental projects launched around the world, and would lose the chance to learn about them or be inspired by new ideas. They would not appreciate the global consciousness of the planet and the need for joint action in these difficult times - sometimes, for full awareness and faith, it is worth seeing everything with your own eyes.

Nature protection Principles and role of ecological tourism

The role of ecotourism (ecotourism) in preserving the environment is perhaps controversial, but without people studying, visiting and caring for the untouched corners of the earth, it is unlikely that conservation measures would be so active, thoughtful and focused ... At the current stage, nature does not always cope with the processes of self-regulation. For example, if you ignore the uncontrolled behavior of red deer in the Scottish Highlands, the animals can completely destroy the national forests. Conservation of nature is often the restoration of an already disturbed balance.

Economic momentum for change Green tourism development

Ecotourism not only allows you to gain the necessary knowledge to save and protect natural resources, as well as to feel deep gratitude to the world around you, but also gives a tangible economic impetus to improve the current situation. Society is obsessed with money, whether we like it or not. Locals are likely to be more careful in conserving natural treasures if they feel they can make good money from tourists who come to admire the scenic spots.

Ecological tourism (ecotourism, ecotourism, eco tourism)

The specificity of Denmark, located between Scandinavia and continental Europe, is difficult to define. In many ways, the country shares the characteristics of both regions: it is part of the European Union, and prices are in line with European standards. However, Danish social policy and government style remain strictly Scandinavian: a policy of consensus is pursued here, and social benefits and living standards are very high. Denmark is the most convenient Scandinavian country for travel, but the local landscape is the least spectacular. It is a green flat area with cozy villages scattered across it.

The appearance of the state is formed by three large land tracts - the islands of Zealand and Funen, as well as the Jutland peninsula (there are many more small islands). Most visitors flock to Zealand, primarily to Copenhagen with its beautiful old center, many museums and vibrant nightlife. On the island of Funen, Odense is worth a visit, although this area is characterized not so much by large urban centers as by beautiful villages and sandy beaches. Jutland has a wide variety of landscapes - from green hills to secluded moorlands. There are two lively cities here - Aarhus and Aalborg.

Transportation and accommodation in Denmark

Denmark has a flexible and convenient public transport system. The Danish railways (Danske Statsbaner) have the same advantages. Train types range from large intercity express trains (Lyntog) to small local trains (regionaltog). InterRail, Eurail and Scanrail cards are valid on all DSB trains. The places where trains do not reach can be easily reached by buses, which often supplement the railway schedule. Some flights are operated by private companies, others by the state company DSB (these buses have rail transport cards).

All Danish islands are connected by bridges or ferry services. Where possible, rail and bus fares include ferry fees (you can also pay for the ferry ride right outside the terminal). The corresponding routes and prices are indicated on a very good HI map. Cycling is the best way to appreciate the flat Danish landscape. Most of the trails have little traffic and there are cycle paths in all major settlements.

Bicycles can be rented from hotels, travel agencies and some train stations, as well as specialty shops. Bicycles can be carried on all trains and on most intercity bus services, but charges depend on the accepted zonal system of passenger fares. For example, for transporting a bike from Copenhagen to Aarhus by train, you will have to pay CZK 50, plus CZK 20 if you reserve a seat in advance. It costs 80 CZK to carry a bike on the bus.

Accommodation in Denmark

Accommodation is the most serious expense, but the choice of hotels is very large, so you can always find the most suitable option. For a double room with private facilities, you will have to pay about 400-600 CZK, but in almost all hotels breakfast (buffet) is included in this price. It is advisable to book hotel rooms in advance, especially during the peak season. This can be done through the website of the travel agency or the hotel in which you would like to stay (with the latter option, large discounts are possible). In the travel agency you can reserve accommodation in the private sector, where a double room costs 300-400 CZK. Farm stays are growing in popularity.

The cheapest accommodation option is hostels. In every city there is at least one such establishment, and a very comfortable one. In most hostels, you can get a separate room with a toilet and shower, although space in a dormitory will be cheaper (almost everywhere there are kitchens). A bed costs about 120 CZK, however non-HI members pay an additional 35 CZK per night. An overnight stay in establishments that open in the summer (May-August), where you need to have your own sleeping bag, will cost about the same price. Sometimes it is allowed to spend the night here only once, and there are age restrictions. The most recent information in this regard is provided by local travel agencies.

If you plan to camp, you will need the International Camping Card or the Scandinavia Camping Card, which can be purchased at all officially established campgrounds. The Transit Pass can be used for one night. The campsites are open from June to August (mainly April to September), and some are open all year round. There is a strict classification: cheap campsites have toilets and at least one shower, two-star campsites have the same, plus cooking equipment and a grocery store within a radius of 2 kilometers, and three-star campsites (most of them) also have a laundry room, plus TV.

Four-star campgrounds have a shop and five-star campgrounds have a cafeteria. In most campsites, you can rent a separate house for six beds (usually with a kitchen) for 2-4 thousand CZK per week (book in advance). It is possible to pitch tents outside the campsites only with special permission, otherwise you will have to pay a fine immediately. However, the Danish Ministry of Natural Resources has initiated a two-year pilot project that allows free camp in 200 designated forest areas. The rules are very strict: only one overnight stay in each place, only two tents in one area, you cannot make an open fire or set up a hearth. And, of course, everything should remain as it was.

There are many reasons pushing a person to make a choice in favor of ecological tourism (ecotourism), as well as no less arguments proving that this type of recreation is a very good idea.

A real country of the future!

A real country of the future!

In 2016, Norway announced its goal of achieving zero carbon emissions by 2030 - 20 years earlier than originally planned. According to the plan, carbon emissions will be reduced by 53 million tons per year. To achieve these critical changes, the country is ready to reform all existing systems: from transport infrastructure to tourism, which brings it 4.2% of GDP.

Zero emissions and huge tourist interest in Norway: what to do?

It's one thing to strive for carbon neutrality domestically with a population of 5.5 million, but how to control the climate impact of tourists? In 2017, 6.3 million people visited Norway, and this figure is only increasing with the development of world tourism. Overtourism has become a problem in many parts of the world. According to the UN World Tourism Organization, in January 2019, 1.4 billion tourists traveled around the world, which is two years ahead of the predicted statistics. Barcelona, ​​home to 1.2 million people, receives 20 million tourists a year. Local residents hold anti-tourist demonstrations, and city officials are limiting the number of hotels. In the United States, the view of Horseshoe Bend in the once hidden meander of the Colorado River on the way to the Grand Canyon National Park is experiencing an invasion of tourists - a couple of thousand visitors a year by 2018 turned into 2 million. And in Norway, 90 thousand tourists reached the famous Troll's Tongue - a stone ledge above Ringedalsvatn Lake, to which an exhausting ascent of almost 25 kilometers leads - in 2018, which is 90 times more than ten years ago.

Haaken Christensen, ecologist and senior advisor for active tourism in the state expert group for development and innovation Innovation Norway, says that hiking trails were not well equipped in the past. Visitors had nowhere to even go to the toilet or leave trash.

The growing number of tourists jeopardizes the Norwegian principle of allemannsretten, which gives everyone the right to wander freely. This is a concept popular in Scandinavia - according to a thousand-year-old government decree, a person, as long as he is polite and behaves decently, can legally walk in any undeveloped area and put up a tent for one night without asking permission from the owner. This law has worked for centuries, but in recent years, communities across the country have complained that their lands have literally been dirtied, littered, and instigated.

Ingunn Sörnes, Special Adviser for Eco-Tourism at Innovation Norway, says that the principle of "free roaming" should be left unchanged, as it is important for politics, tourism and science. Doing so requires a well-planned, comprehensive approach to local tourism management.

To protect dear allemannsretten, the Norwegian government spends about $ 37 million a year on investment and innovation in ecotourism. In 2019, the Norwegian Environmental Protection Agency will distribute $ 1.2 million to the regions to strengthen old hiking trails or build new ones to accommodate the increasing number of tourists.

According to Haaken Christensen, the main problem is the 10 or 15 routes that are being trumpeted by social media. He says that as more and more people began to come, the trails had to be widened and even two or three parallel routes had to be launched.

The popular Preikestolen route ("Pulpit"), which ends with a giant cliff 604 meters high above the beautiful Lysefjord, was visited by 300 thousand tourists last year. The state has awarded a grant to expand the trail, increase parking and improve the garbage system. Christensen believes that as nature tourism grows, the main goal is to create the right conditions for both nature and people.

The country started working on the development of this direction back in 2007. In 2013, Norway became the first country in the world to implement a national standard for sustainable tourism destinations - now it is used as a model by the Global Council for Sustainable Tourism, an international accreditation center for the tourism industry.

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