Corcovado; Costa Rica

Corcovado; Costa Rica

National Park "Corcovado" is a luxuriously beautiful and rich protected area in the country-reserve Costa Rica.

General information on Corcovado

Information for visitors

Corcovado National Park is located in the center of the Osa Peninsula in southwestern Costa Rica. The area can be accessed through two entrances leading from the cities of Puerto Jimenez and Drake Bay. The visit is paid. Corcovado operates all year round, with the exception of the rainy season (September to November), when the interior may be closed due to impassable roads. The dry season lasts from mid-December to mid-April - this is the best time to travel. In "Corcovado" you can book a one-day excursion, or you can stay with an overnight stay at one of the four ranger stations, having previously booked a place at the hotel or camping. Visitors are offered hiking, animal watching, as well as diving, snorkeling and fishing. There are two roads running through the protected area. One goes southeast along the Pacific coast to the La Leona ecology, and the other goes from Sirena station to Los Patos station near the eastern edge of the park. You can get to the park by air and from the sea. You must have camping equipment with you. It will need to be pre-cleaned to reduce the likelihood of introducing non-native plant seeds.

History of the National Park in Corcovado

On the Osu Peninsula, due to the remoteness and relative inaccessibility of the territory, deforestation of rain forests began only in 1960, but already by 1975. several large international logging companies operated here. Conservation organizations and scientists in the country have approached the President of Costa Rica, Daniel Oduber Quiros, with a request to protect the area due to its special biological and archaeological significance. In the same year, the Corcovado National Park was established. For this, the Institute for the Protection of Animals presented Daniel Oduber Kyros with the Albert Schweitzer Award. On the territory of "Corcovado", the activities of not only loggers, but also gold miners were stopped. Nevertheless, the park's employees are still detecting cases of illegal mining and deforestation.

Walk in Corcovado

The coastal lowland has entered the boundaries of Corcovado, smoothly turning into a hilly plain and the surrounding mountains, which separate the basins of the Golfo Dus Bay rivers and the waters of the Pacific Ocean. The highest point of the peninsula is Mount Mühler (782m above sea level). In the center of the park is the large Corcovado Lake. The largest rivers flowing through the protected area are the Corcovado and Llorona, which flows into the northern part of the Corcovado basin, and the Sirena and Claro rivers, which flow into the southern part of the Corcovado basin. In some places it is possible to wade them, but during a high wave or without special experience it is dangerous to do so. The low-lying estuaries of the main rivers lead to the local confinement of mangrove swamps, but the coastline has wide sandy beaches that stretch for miles along the Pacific Ocean and very scenic sheltered bays. Mountain cliffs and headlands enclose them in the north and southwest. Southwest of Sirena Ranger Station at Salsipuedes Point, there are scenic coral reefs. They can also be seen near the island of Isla del Caño, and diving and snorkeling in very clear water will give an unforgettable experience. In addition to natural attractions in "Corcovado" there are archaeological sites - evidence of the life of Indian tribes.

Natural wonders and fun in Corcovado

5 km from the Sirena ranger station, moving south, near the mouth of the Rio Claro, is the main attraction of this place - the small cave of Punta Sal cipuedes ("get out if you can"). This name is quite right and characterizes the area: here, because of the coral reefs, in abundance bordering the southwestern part of the park, many ships were wrecked. For a long time, Puntu Salsipuedes has been surrounded by an aura of mystery. Local legends say that it was in it that the famous navigator, and in the past a corsair, Francis Drake hid part of his treasures. Perhaps the legends are connected with the fact that a little to the north of the "Corcovado" lies Drake Bay, where the legendary English navigator moored during his trip around the world in 1579.

Corcovado National Park is located almost in the center of the Isthmus of Panama, 8 ° north of the equator, and it accounts for about 70% of the Osa Peninsula. In terms of biodiversity, it is among the top five on Earth. Here you can find half of all species of plants and animals in Costa Rica and 2.5% of all species on the planet. The park is made up of rainforests and sandy beaches, rocky cliffs and reefs, wetlands and archaeological sites.

  • 782 meters - Maximum height of the park (Mount Mühler)
  • 425 sq. m. - Land area of ​​the park
  • 80 meters - Maximum height of trees

  • The South American harpy nests and feeds in rainforests.
  • Bats have chosen the Punta Salsipuedes Cave and can only be entered at low tide. A friendly and curious, slightly grown brown-throated sloth (Bradypus variegatus) became the prototype of the most famous and beloved cartoon character by children.
  • Byssa nests exclusively here, in tropical latitudes, although its habitat is wide enough: from the temperate zone of the Northern Hemisphere to the same latitudes in the Southern.
  • Bizarre dripstone mineral formations (stalactites and stalagmites) of the Punta Salsipuedes caves delight scientists all over the world.
  • Chestnut-billed toucan (Ramphastos ambiguus) is a typical representative of tropical rainforests, eats fruits, can eat eggs of other birds, lizards and insects.
  • Corcovado is a prime example of classic tropical rainforests, where, due to poor soil, vegetation has a large supporting root system, and fierce competition for solar energy forces trees to grow up to 75m.
  • The giant anteater is the largest representative of the edentulous squad. Lives in Central and South America, leads exclusively terrestrial life, feeds on ants and termites.
  • As soon as the local turtles hatch from their eggs, they immediately rush to the warm sea.

Altai mountains on the map of Russia

Costa Rica is one of the most attractive countries in Latin America, hosting over 2 million guests annually. Despite the massive influx of tourists, Costa Rica manages to remain a paradise with almost untouched nature, which has preserved its pristine splendor and diversity of the biological world. Here you can easily hide from the bustling crowd and retire.

Costa Rica is associated with many kilometers of sandy beaches, the volcanic chains of the Cordilleras, as well as impressive rainforests, where you can personally see their richest flora and fauna. In addition to ecological and active tourism, Costa Rica offers vacationers comfortable resorts in the Caribbean, the Pacific and inland with the best hotels, golf courses, spas, national parks and reserves.

Province of Limon - Caribbean resorts

Province of Limon is a unique resort on the east coast of the country and stretches from the border with Nicaragua to the border with Panama. Staying on its territory of about 1800 sq. km., it seems that a trip to the past has been made - distinctive cultural traditions are everywhere present. Immigrants from China and Jamaica who arrived here have created all the conditions for the development of tourism, without destroying the exotic pristine nature and preserving the atmosphere of a secluded holiday. In parallel, they spread their folk customs, linguistic dialect, religion and their own cuisine here.

The Limon resort area is known among tourists for its natural paradise formed by dense jungle, banana plantations, the majestic Talamanca mountains and the Caribbean coastline for many tens of kilometers, with the best in the traditional foundations of the country, wild or touristy beaches ... Exotic banana palms alternate with coconut palms, and beaches such as Bonita, Cockles, Playa Cahuita or Punta Uva are strewn with golden sands. Hammocks suspended between raffia give them a special local flavor.

The main city of the province is the small port town of Puerto Limon. On weekends, the city is especially noisy, the local market on the embankment comes to life. Only fresh products of the highest quality are sold here, and this is not surprising - everything that is presented for sale grows on plantations, swims in the sea or grazes on the local hills.

Monkeys, peregrine falcons and sloths can be found everywhere in the tropical forests of the resort. The province has the highest proportion of Costa Rica's natural areas protected by UNESCO. The most important object of the resort is the Tortuguero National Park. This is a great chance to experience the amazing variety of unspoiled nature in the country.

The park displays an incredible amount of green vegetation - wet forests, swampy marshes, shallow lagoons and sea bays. Several species of monkeys, manatees and jaguars are ubiquitous here, and the Byssa Caribbean turtles lay their eggs for offspring.

Another unique place in the Limon province is a chain of coral reefs with a rich underwater world. The Four Seasons Scuba Diving Center offers divers to review massive tunnels with different species of fish, coral formations with algae and jellyfish, mysterious walls with crustaceans living on them.

Puerto Viejo

Puerto Viejo is a popular resort on the Caribbean coast in the province of Limon, due to its advantage in geographical location and favorable tropical climate. Its territory is located in a wild but amazingly beautiful area surrounded by pristine tropical jungle, magnificent beaches with golden sands and emerald blue sea waters.

The resort is well known among fans of "ecological tourism". Its unique infrastructure is suitable for various types of recreation - family, youth, active or sightseeing. Playa Salsa Brava is well known in surfing circles for its turbulent currents and mighty waves, considered the strongest in Costa Rica. Surfers from all over the world come here to curb the famous Salsa Brava wave. In turn, Playa Manzanillo beach is the best for kayaking, snorkeling and sailing.

The resort provides vacationers with rooms in 3, 4 and 5 star hotels, but there are also shady bungalows and cozy inexpensive hostels. Maintaining their individuality, most of the local buildings and hotel buildings in the resort are designed in the style of a combination of modern and Spanish architecture and painted in variegated colors.

Location of Altai Mountains on the map of Russia, coordinates and optimal route. What to see on vacation: ridges and peaks, passes and steppes, glaciers and lakes.

Costa Rica is interesting for scientists, geographers and archaeologists. But travelers love her most of all. It is a small country in Latin America with a varied natural landscape and favorable climate. Tourists are interested in all the attractions of Costa Rica, among which there are national parks and reserves, rumbling waterfalls and terrifying volcanoes. The journey takes place along fascinating routes full of secrets and local flavor. By the way, there is never winter here, so the rest is year-round. All guides are highly qualified, since traveling around this country requires specific knowledge.

What to see in Costa Rica first

Before you enlist the support of the guides and start exploring this colorful country, spend a couple of minutes looking at our list. Even experienced guides in Costa Rica may not be able to guess which objects will be of interest to you, so it is better to decide on your preferences before the trip.

Manuel Antonio National Park (Manuel Antonio)

One of the must-see attractions in Costa Rica is Manuel Antonio Park. This is the oldest resort in the country, and it is rightfully considered the most visited. Tourists are attracted here, first of all, by unusually beautiful beaches. They are well maintained, clean and completely safe. A feature of the local beaches is the snow-white sand warmed by the sun. In addition, the water in Costa Rica is very clean and clear.

Since the coast is surrounded by greenery, the beaches of Costa Rica are very convenient for families with small children. Families come here, and the tourist infrastructure allows it. Good access roads ensure an even distribution of passenger traffic. There are many restaurants of different levels in Manuel Antonio. In addition, here, as in any southern resort, nightlife is active.

Bars and cafes are always ready to receive guests, music is thundering from everywhere. Souvenir shops are found at every turn, so tourists leave here with gifts and souvenirs. There are always a lot of people here, which led to the friendly nature of the local monkeys, of which there are many in the area. Funny white-faced animals literally stick to tourists, but feeding them is strictly prohibited.

Santa Teresa Beach (Nicoya Peninsula)

The beach is located in the southern part of the Nicoya Peninsula. This is one of the natural attractions of Costa Rica. The atmosphere of a tropical paradise from advertising posters seemed to descend from the pictures to the earth in this place. White sandy beaches are called the pearl of Costa Rica, and this is true.

The sand here is nice white. It has extremely small fractions, so it is not for nothing that it is called silk. The water on the coast is very clean, this is carefully monitored by local services. Many tourists with children tend to this beach, since the coast is sloping, and the shallow water here extends far inland.

In addition to natural beauty, the beach is interesting because it has a well-functioning tourist service. Experienced tourists call it civilized. There is where to relax and have a snack. Access roads are in excellent condition. You can always hide from the scorching sun in the shade of spreading trees.

For thrill-seekers looking for what to see in Costa Rica, Santa Teresa Beach is an attractive year-round high swell wave. Surfing conditions are excellent here. Nearby is the small village of Malpais, where you can relax, tired of the abundance of impressions on the beach.

Costa Rica is the happiest place on earth

Costa Rica is a miniature country located at the narrowest point of the isthmus of Central America, bordering Panama and Nicaragua, washed by the Caribbean Sea and the Pacific Ocean. Costa Rica is officially recognized as the happiest country in the world, it is one of the few places where you can breathe deeply, enjoying the cleanest air. Unique reserves, active volcanoes, majestic mountains and crystal-clear rivers - this is not the whole list of Costa Rica's advantages. This tiny Latin American country is, without exaggeration, the center of world eco-tourism. If your dream is to fully get in touch with unspoiled nature, then a vacation in Costa Rica is exactly what you have been looking for.

Secrets of a Happy Costa Rican Life

The cleanest air, a high level of education and health care, the development of tourism - these and other high indicators are the fruit of the competent policy of the local government and the philosophy of life of the population as a whole. It is not surprising that this heavenly place attracts numerous tourists from all over the world who want to fully relax and gain positive impressions.

Costa Ricans have managed to minimize the percentage of harmful emissions into the atmosphere. Moreover, almost 100% of energy resources are obtained from renewable sources, while in most developed countries natural resources are mercilessly squandered from the bowels of the earth.

In 1949, the government of Costa Rica deliberately abandoned the regular army, and this decision is in force to this day. This strategically important step made it possible to focus on the active development of healthcare, education and culture.

Costa Rica Discovery

The territory was discovered by Europeans in 1502. Christopher Columbus, during his last expedition, landed on the coast of modern Costa Rica and began to explore the lands. The sailors noticed that almost every representative of the indigenous Indian population wears gold jewelry. Actually, this was the reason for such a telling name - "Costa Rica", which means "rich coast".

By the time the Spaniards appeared, representatives of three Indian tribes lived in this area - the Chorotegi, Boruks and Huetaras, with a total number of 25 thousand people. Only 20 years later, the Spaniards managed to subdue the Indian resistance, reducing the indigenous population by three times. The middle of the 16th century is marked by the beginning of active colonization of the Central Plateau.

Over time, it became clear that there is not so much gold, as well as other minerals, in the country. The conquered lands were useful only for the development of agriculture, which the Spaniards did. Spain gradually lost interest in Costa Rica, which was aided by an unfavorable geographical position - a remote location from the metropolis. For Costa Rica itself, its location was very beneficial: it was difficult to raid the territory, both by land and by water. Due to the complicated control, the colony eventually became virtually independent.

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