Blog | Tourism in Cuba - international tourism

Blog | Tourism in Cuba - international tourism

Tourism in Cuba attracts more than 2 million people annually, and is one of the main sources of income for the island nation. Among the factors influencing the popularity of Cuba as a holiday destination is the high attractiveness of its natural, historical and cultural recreational resources.

After the Cuban Revolution of 1959, interstate relations between Cuba and the United States deteriorated significantly. Since 1960, the United States has banned its citizens from visiting Liberty Island and imposed an embargo on trade with Cuba.

From 1960 to 1991, the Soviet Union provided significant economic support to Cuba. Free funds and resources were directed to the development of tourism infrastructure, which helped attract the necessary investments to the island from other countries. All this has led to the fact that tourism industry revenues have exceeded the traditional export industries of Cuba - sugar, rum, cigars, fruit and fishing.

Most of the tourists visiting Cuba come from Canada and Europe. The main tourist infrastructure (hotels, beaches, restaurants, etc.) is concentrated around Varadero, Cayo Coco, Holguin, as well as in the capital of the state - Havana.

Contents

History [edit]

Cuba has attracted tourists since the early 20th century. Between 1915 and 1930, Havana received more tourists than any other city in the Caribbean. Such a significant influx of tourists was associated with the proximity of the island to the United States, where at that time there was a "dry law". In Cuba, it was possible to spend leisure time without such restrictions.

However, the Great Depression of the 1930s and the Second World War reduced the number of visitors to the island, and with them financial receipts to the country's economy. It was only in the 1950s that Cuba began to rebuild its tourism potential. American organized crime seized the opportunity and took control of much of the Cuban leisure and entertainment industry. By the mid-1950s, Havana had become one of the main markets for drugs, as well as a transshipment base for drug trafficking in the United States. At the same time, the number of tourists increased annually by 5-8%. The capital of Cuba has received the unofficial nickname "Latin American Las Vegas".

Immediately after the inauguration of the newly elected President of Cuba, Manuel Urrutia in 1959, almost all casinos, bars and other entertainment establishments designed for tourists and vacationers, but also associated with the mafia, drugs and prostitution, were closed ... A special government body, the National Institute of Tourism (INTUR), was created in the country, the purpose of which was declared to be the activity to create more affordable hotels, clubs and beaches. In January 1961, relations between the United States and Cuba worsened - Americans, who accounted for up to 80% of holidaymakers, reduced their travel to the island, where Fidel Castro came to power. And the US State Department has declared tourism in Cuba contrary to US foreign policy and national interests. During the 1960-1980s, the industry was in decline, in addition, the collapse of the USSR also led to a crisis in the Cuban economy - the country lost its main foreign economic partner. The last event, together with the lack of economic efficiency, prompted the country's leadership to turn its attention to tourism as a means of increasing national income.

A special program has been developed to eliminate Cuba's dependence on the sugar industry. The tourist infrastructure began to re-focus on meeting the demand of holidaymakers from Canada and Europe. In 1994, the Ministry of Tourism was created, and the government invested heavily in supporting the industry. Between 1990 and 2000, more than $ 3.5 billion was spent on the development of recreation. The number of hotel rooms has increased from 12,000 to 35,000, while Cuban resorts have received about 10 million people. In 1995, tourism revenues exceeded those of the sugar factories.

Today Cuba receives tourists from all over the world - from Canada (600 thousand), Germany (115 thousand), Great Britain (200 thousand), Spain (150 thousand), as well as from Italy, France and Mexico. Hundreds of thousands of Americans visit the island every year, despite an official ban from their government. According to an expert assessment [1], in 2010 more than 350 thousand US citizens visited Cuba. At the same time, official statistics showed the arrival of only 63 thousand people. To avoid the ban, Americans arrive in Cuba through third countries, most often Mexico and Canada. At the same time, employees of the Cuban Immigration Service do not put the corresponding stamps in their passports.

In 2007, the Cuban government allocated over $ 185 million for the reconstruction of 200 tourist infrastructure facilities - parks, hotels, yacht and golf clubs. As part of the tourism development program on the island, it is planned to open more than 30 hotels for 10 thousand additional hotel rooms.

Infrastructure and attractions [edit]

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Tourism in Cuba

Tourism in Cuba attracts more than 2 million people annually and is one of the main sources of income for the island nation. Among the factors influencing the popularity of Cuba as a holiday destination is the high attractiveness of its natural, historical and cultural recreational resources.

After the Cuban Revolution of 1959, interstate relations between Cuba and the United States deteriorated significantly. Since 1960, the United States has banned its citizens from visiting Liberty Island and imposed an embargo on trade with Cuba.

From 1960 to 1991, the Soviet Union provided significant economic support to Cuba. Free funds and resources were directed to the development of tourism infrastructure, which helped attract the necessary investments to the island from other countries. All this has led to the fact that tourism industry revenues have exceeded the traditional export industries of Cuba - sugar, rum, cigars, fruit and fishing.

Most of the tourists visiting Cuba come from Canada and Europe. The main tourist infrastructure is concentrated around Varadero, Cayo Coco, Holguin, as well as in the capital of the state - Havana.

History

Cuba has attracted tourists since the early 20th century. Between 1915 and 1930, Havana received more tourists than any other city in the Caribbean. Such a significant influx of tourists was associated with the proximity of the island to the United States, where at that time there was a "dry law". In Cuba, it was possible to spend leisure time without such restrictions.

However, the Great Depression of the 1930s and the Second World War reduced the number of visitors to the island, and with them financial receipts to the country's economy. It was only in the 1950s that Cuba began to rebuild its tourism potential. American organized crime seized the opportunity and took control of much of the Cuban leisure and entertainment industry. By the mid-1950s, Havana had become one of the main markets for drugs, as well as a transshipment base for drug trafficking in the United States. At the same time, the number of tourists increased annually by 5-8%. The capital of Cuba has received the unofficial nickname "Latin American Las Vegas".

History -

Immediately after the inauguration of the newly elected President of Cuba, Manuel Urrutia in 1959, almost all casinos, bars and other entertainment establishments designed for tourists and vacationers, but also associated with the mafia, drugs and prostitution, were closed ... A special government body was created in the country - the National Institute of Tourism INTUR, whose purpose was proclaimed the activity to create more affordable hotels, clubs and beaches.

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