At the women's forum held in early March, doctors told how the ecology of the region affects health. Diseases of the heart and blood vessels, oncology and infertility among residents of the Kemerovo region are the result of not only an improper lifestyle, but also industrial emissions. What to do to Kuzbass people and how to live with it, the correspondent of "AiF in Kuzbass" found out.
Our life expectancy depends by 30% on the level of health care, by 33% - on the way of life (consumption of alcohol and tobacco) and by 37% - on socio-economic factors (this is the place of residence, the state of infrastructure and the environment ). Such data were provided by Olga Barbarash, doctor of medical sciences, professor, chief freelance specialist of the Ministry of Health of Russia in cardiology in the Siberian Federal District. “Unfortunately, Siberia ranks first in terms of environmental problems. And of the ten worst cities, Novokuznetsk is in third place, Mezhdurechensk is not far behind, ”she said, relying on data from the state environmental report on air pollution. And although the share of cardiovascular diseases in the mortality rate in Kuzbass has been decreasing in recent years, this ailment still remains the main reason for the death of Kuzbass residents (in 2015 there were 40% of deaths from diseases of the circulatory system, in 2018 - 38%) ...
As a "spoonful of honey" Olga Leonidovna cited the results of a study by her Moscow colleagues: "Surprisingly, but true: more men than women suffer from the environment." So, in Moscow, women suffer to a greater extent from temperature drops. They are very meteosensitive, and high temperatures in summer concern primarily mortality from diseases of the circulatory system in women. “High temperatures are not particularly scary for us, but the changes are palpable. So, over the last month in Kuzbass, the drops were 30 degrees, and we were forced to accept a large flow of both men and women with strokes and heart attacks, ”the professor stated.
Oncological diseases are the second leading cause of death in the region. “The cancer mortality rate in Kuzbass is higher than the national average. If in Russia 193 people die out of 100 thousand, then in our region - 236 ", - such data was given by the head of the department of health protection of the population of the Kemerovo region Mikhail Malin.
The head physician of the regional oncologic dispensary Viktor Lutsenko explained this imbalance in the following way: “Higher mortality in Kuzbass than in the whole country is associated primarily with environmental problems”.
His colleague, Deputy Director for Research, Research Institute of Clinical and Experimental Radiology, Russian Cancer Research Center. Blokhin Alexander Petrovsky also notes environmental pollution among the factors of carcinogenic effects. So what do you do? To this question, he answers: “The more we minimize risk factors, the higher the chance that cancer will not arise. There are always chances. When choosing housing, avoid places with industrial pollution and near highways. In the Kemerovo region, of course, it is difficult to talk about it, you can't get away from it. Try to create some kind of dome around you. "
Over the past five years, about 170 thousand people have already left the region, and many cite environmental problems as the reason for the move.
Natalia Artymuk, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Chief Freelance Specialist of the Ministry of Health for Obstetrics and Gynecology in Siberia, disagrees with the argument that women are less exposed to adverse environmental factors. “A girl, unlike a boy, is born with a certain number of follicles that are laid in utero. That is, from the moment of conception, it is influenced by those harmful factors that we have in industrial regions. What was born, so much is laid down in the real reserve - there will be no other, ”the doctor explains.
Kemerovo is a young city, it was founded in 1918 by combining the existing villages of Shcheglovka and Komarovo. Back in the 18th century, coal deposits were found here, but they began to be developed only after almost 200 years. But the region is also rich in nature and history. If you do not have the opportunity to go on a trip to distant countries, find out everything about the rest in Kemerovo and the Kemerovo region - there is something to see and do!
Kemerovo is located in Western Siberia, it is a significant center of the region: economic, scientific, cultural. Many industrial enterprises fuel the development of the city. It stands on the Tom River.
The climate in the city and the region is continental, it is worth going here in summer, when the weather is most pleasing. The average air temperature then reaches 19 degrees Celsius, you will enjoy the sun and walks in the woods. However, the region will also delight lovers of skiing - there are quite affordable complexes for fans of winter sports on its territory.
How to get there and where to stay?
A ticket to Kemerovo from Moscow will cost about 10 thousand rubles, the flight time will be about 4.5 hours. The train will take 54 hours, the ticket price will be 7 thousand rubles. Accommodation in a modest hotel will cost 700-800 rubles per day, and 800 rubles per day for meals, provided that you visit inexpensive cafes. All these expenses are justified. Kemerovo and the Kemerovo region are a storehouse of interesting places. You will not regret a single ruble spent.
Among the sights of the city that you should definitely visit:
The unique nature of Kuzbass, which in its beauty and uniqueness (preserved from the postglacial period) has no equal in the world. (photo from internet)
Kemerovo region is a beautiful area, which harmoniously combines snow-capped mountain peaks with crystal lakes and clear rivers. The area is home to picturesque beautiful forests, amazing waterfalls and mysterious caves with underground springs.
Since a significant part of the Kemerovo region is located in the Kuznetsk Basin with large reserves of coal, this beautiful Siberian region is also known as the Kuzbass. The Kuzbass region is rich in alpine green meadows, majestic peaks of mesmerizing mountains and stone rivers-kurums.
It is also impossible to imagine the Kemerovo region without the popular ski resorts of Shoria. In general, Kuzbass is beautiful and attractive at any time of the year, which is why it is attractive for tourists at any time of the year. Its territory has unique natural landscapes and beautiful places, many architectural monuments.
About 65 percent of the Kemerovo region is occupied by forests and shrubs. The natural location of the mountain ranges stretching from north to south had a significant impact on the distribution of vegetation. On the territory of the Kuznetsk basin, four zones of forest ecological systems can be conditionally distinguished: the Kuznetsk-Alataut mountain-taiga zone, the Shor mountain-taiga zone, the Salair taiga-forest zone and the Tomsk-Kiysk taiga-forest-steppe zone.
On the slopes, here and there, areas of steppe communities are introduced, as you move to the south, the vegetation gradually turns into pure taiga massifs (such as the black forests of Gornaya Shoria, cedar forests) that have preserved relict linden islands in some places. The Kemerovo Region has the only in Siberia linden island habitat, which occupies eleven thousand hectares (the so-called "Linden Island") and is declared a natural monument of federal significance. This unique linden massif, preserved here from the pre-glacial period, confirms the scientists' guess that the lindens here are originally local. Only in these places grow such accompanying linden and completely uncommon for Siberian forests grasses as clefthoof, circe, woodruff and a dozen other similar plants.
Birch grows throughout the Kemerovo region. Moreover, it not only makes up the undergrowth of the black taiga, but is also often found in the forest-steppe zone of the Kuznetsk depression. Another common taiga representative is fir, whose resins, oil and needles are highly valued in Russia. Pine grows in the forest-steppe zones of the Kuznetsk basin. Small groups of pine forests cover the foothills and banks of the Tom River. An unusually large number of them grow around cities.
There are few Kedrovniki in the Kemerovo Region, no more than four percent of all Kuzbass forests. Larch is also rare. Its most significant massif grows in the Tisul region of the Kuznetsk Alatau.
Spruce forests are widespread almost everywhere. Most often they grow on the slopes of high hollows, occupy the upper ledges above the rivers.
Alpine lakes Bled and Bohinj are rightfully considered the pearls of Slovenia and annually attract a large number of tourists with their beauty and uniqueness.