We are talking about the possibility of construction on the territory of settlements located inside specially protected natural areas and national parks.
Russian Prime Minister Mikhail Mishustin instructed Deputy Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko and the head of Rostourism Zarina Doguzova to develop a concept for the development of ecological tourism in the Pleshcheyevo Lake National Park in the Yaroslavl Region. He gave the corresponding instruction at a meeting on the development of small towns.
"I want to instruct you, Victoria Valerievna (Abramchenko) and you, Zarina Valerievna (Doguzova), together with the government of the Yaroslavl region, to develop a concept for the development of ecological tourism in the national park" Lake Pleshcheyevo ", focus on this specifically . And the government of the Yaroslavl region to give proposals on the development of such tourism for small and medium-sized businesses, "- said Mishustin.
The Prime Minister expressed confidence that the special economic zone of tourist type provides a whole range of tools for the implementation of this task.
Mishustin also suggested, as part of this work, to think about those changes in legislation that would be appropriate and would give impetus to the development of integrated tourism.
During the meeting, the participants complained to Mishustin about the shortcomings of the current legislation when agreeing on issues of socio-economic activity in specially protected natural areas. Due to lengthy approvals, business development stalls.
In turn, Mishustin recalled that within the framework of the national project "Ecology" it is planned to form the infrastructure of ecological tourism in 32 national parks.
"I know that the excessive requirements for the business are quite serious there, everyone is worried about breaking something, but in fact they cannot build something, even some simple things that are quite obvious to people who live there and do not harm the environment for sure, "the prime minister said.
Deputy Prime Minister Victoria Abramchenko said that a bill that removes these restrictions has already been prepared together with the senators. We are talking about the possibility of construction on the territory of settlements located inside specially protected natural areas and national parks.
"The Government of the Russian Federation is now preparing a positive conclusion on such a bill," Abramchenko said, adding that the document would be finalized for the second reading, taking into account the proposals made at the meeting. The Deputy Prime Minister assured that the bill will be adopted by the end of the year.
According to experts, along with the problems of infrastructure construction on the territory of protected areas, there is a weak involvement in tourism activities of the existing resources of such territories. This happens due to the incompetence and poor awareness of the participants in tourism activities, as well as the disinterest of the administrations of individual protected areas. Their resources and capabilities are not being used effectively enough for tourism, educational and recreational purposes.
In this regard, it is important that the Strategy for the Development of Tourism in the Russian Federation until 2035 provides for a special section "Ecological tourism" in accordance with which, in order to ensure its development, it is necessary to pay attention to the implementation of a whole list of measures in the territories of protected areas (in detail see infographic below).
Issues of ensuring the safety and navigation of ecological paths and tourist routes in specially protected natural areas (hereinafter - SPNA), preparation of requirements for them in order to ensure the safety of tourists, their life and health, prevent fires, emergencies and damage, as well as the preparation of relevant proposals for inclusion in the standards for conducting tourism activities within the boundaries of protected areas will be the subject of discussion by the participants of the special conference "Integrated security and digitalization of tourist areas and resort cities" of the annual International Forum "Tourism Safety".